In 1937, open war began...
In 1937, open war began between Japan and China. One of the most infamous events of this conflict (World War II in the Pacific arena) was known as the Nanking (Nanjing) Massacre or the Rape of Nanking. In December of 1937, Japanese troops entered the city of Nanking, already decimated by the looting and violence of Chinese troops fleeing fighting in Shanghai. For seven weeks Japanese soldiers assaulted, robbed, and murdered civilians and troops in the city. One recent study suggests that over 350,000 Chinese were murdered, other studies have argued considerably less, from 30,000-60,000 people. One of the largest groups was composed of women who died after repeated rape and mutilation. Attempts to explain such an extreme example of destruction have been largely unsuccessful; even more disturbing is the lack of a public apology or even an acknowledgement by the Japanese government of the heinous nature of these war crimes. Between December 1937 and March 1938 at least 369,366 Chinese civilians and prisoners of war were slaughtered by the invading troops. An estimated 80,000 women and girls were raped; many of them were then mutilated or murdered.
Civil Post Office
Nanjing, was in the plan of being the national capital of Republican Party (The one whom later governing Taiwan). Before the recession of Republican from mainland to Taiwan, the city scale was already well-planned while the style of architecture had been formed as a unique one. However, due to the latter large-scale urban construction, many unique buildings were tored down. Civil post office is the few left piece in the downtown area which you can dimly see the prosperity in the past time.
Of course the main attraction of the Yuejiang Park is the Yuejiang Tower. From there you have a great view of Nanjing and Yangtzi River.
In that park I didnt find any lakes or other places full of tranquilities like in many other chinese parks. Anyway, that famous river-viewing Yuejiang Tower is a reason to visit that park as well.
The City Wall of Nanjing was designed by Emperor Zhu Yuanzhang (r. 1368-1398) after he founded the Ming Dynasty and established Nanjing as the capital 600 years ago. To consolidate his sovereignty and keep out invaders, he adopted the suggestions of advisor Zhu Sheng to build a higher city wall. It took 21 years for the project, which involved 200,000 labourers to move 7 million cubic meters of earth. All this resulted in the wall measuring 33km in length, averaging 12 metres high and 7 metres wide at the top - the longest city wall ever built in the world. About two thirds of it still stands today. Originally, thirteen gates were built through Nanjing’s walls, but this number had grown to eighteen by the end of the Qing dynasty.