Waterside pavillions are built near the water to enable visitors to view and enjoy the scenery.During the Warring States Period,an open structure built on a terrace was called a pavillion.Because the Chinese character for pavillion is similar to the Chinese character for shoot,a pavillion has both a military and a sightseeing context.
In the literature of the Qin and Han Dynasties,there were records of "high pavillions and beautiful palaces"and "tiers upon tiers of terraces and pavillions".
After the Han Dynasty,pavillions were built near water and gardens,and they became structure in which people could rest.
A waterside pavillion is a simple,one-storey structure that sticks out of a slope and is supported over a patch of water by poles.It is open on four sides and with rails or seats on the side facing the water.
Presidential Palace - Zhong Shan Hall
This building was erected in 1870. It was used as the secret room of the Heavenly Dynasty Palace of the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom. After the Republic of China was established in 1912, President Sun Yat-sen sometimes worked and received guests here. It is surrounded by water and connected to land by two bridges.
This antique pavillion is found with many other jade antiques.
Most items are on display here and not for sale.
But do stop by to rest your feet and if you need a place to avoid all the sales talk, you know where to hide yourself.
Sun Yat Tsen Mausoleum
"View from the mausoleum"
Sun Yat Tsen is the Father of the Chinese Republic. He went in Europe to study how to set up a democracy in his country. His aim was to drive away the Emperor and to put a system based on the 3 separate powers.
He founded a party : The Kuo Min Tang in 1907.
He succeeded and became the 1st January 1912, the first President of the Chinese Republic. Though, he might resign his function only one year leter and left the power to the Marchal Yuan Shikai.
"The mausoleum (1)"
It is a long way to the Mausoleum. Fortunatly, there are several landings which are hiden by the stair.
"The Mausoleum (2)"
Haw, Haw !
We are in the middle of the stairs. Only, 123,5 steps again.
"The Mausoleum (3)"
At last, we are arrived !
"At the bottom of the stairs"
The best place to take a comprehensive photo of the Musoleum.