Changchun - City of Eternal Spring
Changchun, today the large capital of Jilin Province, is a relatively new city with only 200 years of history. It was originally founded by emperor Jiaqing of the Qing dynasty around 1800 as a small village on the east bank of the Yitong River.
When Japan invaded the North East of China in 1930 and established the "puppet-state" Manchukuo, Changchun became the capital was renamed into Xinjing (meaning New Capital). Japan appointed the exiled last Qing emperor Pu Yi as new emperor of Manchukuo, although in reality he did not have any power.
After World War II Changchun became a center of the Chinese automotive industry and other heavy industry.
Today it is a large city with more than 6 million inhabitants,
"The Last Emperor of China"
Pu Yi, the last emperor of the Qing dynasty inherited the Chinese throne when he was three. His reign as emperor Xuantong came to an end on 12 February 1912, when a new republican government was formed. The powerless Pu Yi continued to live in the Forbidden City, but escaped to Tianjin in 1924, which was occupied by the Japanese at that time. He was later installed as 'emperor' of the Japanese puppet-state Manchukuo and a new palace was built for him in Changchun. After World War II, he was imprisoned by the communists, but released in by Mao in 1959.
The last seven years of his life he worked anonimously as a gardner in the botanical gardens of Beijing, where he died in 1967 from cancer.