Old Chinese Fishing Nets
Along the harbour of Cochin there are these huge nets which they lower into the water and then lift up. These are Chinese fishing nets. These nets are like a trademark of the island.
Try to buy some fresh fish from the fishermen. We bought some fish and ask the owner of a small restaurant to cook it for us.
Lunch in the time of the British Raj
LUNCH IN THE TIME OF THE BRITISH RAJ
This vegetarian restaurant has not changed its location nor its menu for the past sixty years or so and the man serving and manning the cash counter had been there for 45 of those..
For the first time today, I saw some Europeans eating there. the lunchtime menu of “meals” rice with curd, various vegetable curries and sambar was somewhat bland. But who can complain when the meal which was filling and a cup of the sweet Indian tea was served for 1 euro?
This lovely building was the residence of the Portuguese Governor. The 27th Bishop of the Diocese of Cochin, Domes Jos Gomes Ferreira, acquired this building which was built in 1557. Today it houses the Indo-Portuguese Museum which is a must see visit. There's also some nice gardens at the front.
Chinese Fishing Nets (3)
This method of fishing operates on the principle of weights and counterweights.
Large rocks attached to the ropes enable the net to be raised and lowered. This takes a team of 4 men to manoeuvre the pulleys.
The net is lowered into the water, and rocks hold it in place. After about 15 minutes, the men walk along the platform, pulling hard on the ropes, as the rocks reach a certain point, their counterbalance action gently raises the net out of the water, scooping up the catch.
As is typical in Kerala, the fishermen are members of a union, to provide protection from exploitation by the net owners.
One suggests that the city's modern name is derived from the Malayalam word koch azhi, meaning 'small lagoon'. Another version mentions the name as derivative of the Sanskrit word Go shree which means 'prosperous with cows'. Certain ancient texts refer to the city Balapuri (Sanskrit for 'small town'), which became Cochin in course of time. According to some accounts, traders from the court of the Chinese ruler Khubilai Khan gave Cochin the name of their homeland. Yet another theory is that Kochi is derived from the word Kaci meaning 'harbour'. Certain scholars claim that Cochin is derived from the term Cocha, which is a transfiguration of the Biblical term Cohen. Accounts by Italian explorers Nicolo Conti (15th century), and Fra Paoline in the 17th century say that it was called Kochchi, named after the river connecting the backwaters to the sea.
After the arrival of the Portuguese, and later the British, the name Cochin stuck as the official appellation. The city reverted to a closer anglicisation of its original Malayalam name, Kochi, in 1996. However, it is still widely referred to as Cochin.
"History of kochi"
Kochi was the centre of Indian spice trade for many centuries, and was known to the Yavanas (Greeks) as well as Romans, Jews, Arabs, and Chinese since ancient times. Kochi rose to significance as a trading centre after the port at Kodungallur (Cranganore) was destroyed by massive flooding of the river Periyar in 1341. The earliest documented references to Kochi occur in books written by Chinese voyager Ma Huan during his visit to Kochi in the 15th century as part of Admiral Zheng He's treasure fleet. There are also references to Kochi in accounts written by Italian traveller Niccolò Da Conti, who visited Kochi in 1440.
The Kingdom of Kochi came into existence in 1102, after the fall of the Kulasekhara empire. The King of Kochi had authority over the region encompassing the present city of Kochi and adjoining areas. The reign was hereditary, and the family that ruled over Kochi was known as the Cochin Royal Family (Perumpadappu Swaroopam in the local vernacular). The mainland Kochi remained the capital of the princely state since the 18th century. However, during much of this time, the kingdom was under foreign rule, and the King often only had titular privileges.
Kochiites are known for their enthusiasm in sports, especially cricket and football.The Jawaharlal Nehru International Stadium in Kochi is one of the largest multi-use stadiums in India with International Class Lighting for Day and Night Matches. The Regional Sports Centre is an important centre of sporting activity in the city.