Udayagiri and Khandagiri Caves
Located about 8km west of the city centre, these Jain caves date back to the 1st century BC. They are located in the twin hills of Udayagiri (Sunrise Hill) and Khandagiri (Broken Hill) which were made for monks to retreat to. As you approach them from the main highway, Udayagiri is on the right and contains the best caves. These include some 18 caves such as the Chhota Hathi Gumpha Cave or "Small Elephant Cave", Ganesh Gumpha Cave and Bagh Gumpha which is shaped like the open mouth of a tiger. On the other side of the small road lie 15 caves in Khandagiri which are less impressive than the ones on Udayagiri. At the top of this hill lies an 18th century Jain temple and the views over the flat plains with Bhubaneswar in the distance are best viewed at sunset. I took an auto-rickshaw from Bhubaneswar railway station (where I had just reserved a train) to here and back to my hotel near the station for Rs150 which wasn't bad considering I spent more than an hour here.