Wuchang Uprising (Wikipedia version)
The Wuchang Uprising (武昌起義, pinyin: Wǔchāng Qǐyì) of October 10, 1911,
started the Xinhai Revolution,
which triggered the collapse of the Qing Dynasty
and establishment of the Republic of China (ROC).
Sun Yat-sen's statue standing at the "First Uprising Plaza" of Wuhan,
in front of the office building of the Hubei military government of ROC,
the organization of revolutionaries established one day later after
In 1900, the ruling Qing Dynasty decided to create a modernized army,
called the "New Army". At the time, the city of Wuchang, on the Yangtze River
in the province of Hubei, had the most modernized military industry,
so it became the site where weapons and other military equipment for the
New Army was manufactured. The revolutionary ideas of Sun Yat-sen
extensively influenced officers and soldiers of the New Army in Wuchang,
and many participated in revolutionary organizations.
The uprising itself broke out largely by accident. Revolutionaries intent on
overthrowing the Qing dynasty had built bombs and one accidentally exploded.
This led police to investigate, and they discovered lists of revolutionaries
within the New Army. At this point elements of the New Army revolted rather
than face arrest. The provincial government panicked and fled. Initially, the revolt was
considered to be merely the latest in a series of mutinies that had occurred
in southern China, and was widely expected to be quickly put down.
The fact that it had much larger implications was due to the fact that the
Qing dynasty delayed acting against the rebellion,
allowing provincial assemblies in many southern provinces to declare
independence from the Qing and declare allegiance to the rebellion.