Durres sightseeing - Mosque of Fatih
Not far from the Roman Bath is the Mosque of Fatih. It was built after the Ottomans took the city in 1501. It was damaged during the atheism campaign and by an earthquake in 1979. !990 the mosque was completely renovated.
Durrësi, the Byzantine tower
The Byzantine tower stands at end of the city wall closest to the sea. It overhangs the harbor. A restaurant is open on top of the tower and certainly (we have not been there) offers an excellent view on the city and the harbor.
Unfortunately a 7 stories building has recently been built just near the tower and I had hard time to avoid having it on the photo!
Durrësi, old housing in 2007
The housing buildings from the Enver Hoxha’s period have not vanished in a lightning with the new regime but they have changed. New windows have been open, others have been walled, dormer windows have been widened, balconies have been added and more over, each resident (owner?) has painted his part the (bright) color he wanted! The result is amazing!
The second photo is a reminder of how it looked in 1988. Amazingly there are now much less TV antennas on the roofs.
Amazingly, when the country was completely collectivist, there were a great many private TV antennas on top. Now that the country is not collectivist anymore, there are apparently only collective antennas!
The Ancient Capital
Since its foundation by Greek colonists in the 7th century BC, the city has passed through the hands of every powerful empire in the region, before finally becoming the short lived capital of the first Albanian nation in 1913. The city has been occupied by the Greeks, the Romans, the Byzantines, the Serbian Empire, the Bulgarian Empire, the Ottomans, Fascist Italy and Nazi Germany. Even the Normans had a crack at running the town, which might explain the occasional red headed local I saw.
The city fell into decline under the Turks, who established the current capital of Tirana in the 17th century. By the start of the last century, Durres was in terminal decline, with only about a thousand people. The city was dilapidated, and its once flourishing harbour was silting up. It wasn't until its establishment as the first capital of Albania that it saw a resurgence.
It's dual status can be seen today in oddities like the central terminus of Albania's small rail network being in the city. In Albania all roads lead to Durres, which means buses leaving Tirana for Macedonia head west to Durres before heading back east to Macedonia. Then you have King Zog's palace looking out over the Adriatic from the hills which made Durres such a prime location nearly three thousand years ago.
But Durres is small. It plays second fiddle to Tirana, and it feels provincial despite its historic and modern importance to Albania. The pace is slow, the people are relaxed, the central streets near the shore are wide and not choked with traffic. It's a holiday destination for Albanians, especially from Tirana, but also Albanians in Macedonia and Kosovo.
It's importance in recent years has been largely as a conduit for Albanian refugees. Over a hundred thousand Kosovan refugees ended up here at the end of the last century. Many attempted to escape here for Italy following the financial collapse of the pyramid trading scandal. And the harrowing pictures of hundreds of Albanians swimming out into the waters of Durres harbor to reach boats whose every surface were already covered in people escaping the anarchic end of Enver Hoxha's oppressive rule can be seen in the National History Museum in Tirana.
Durres is not your typical touristic destination, and unless you are fascinated by Albania or out of the way places, like me, or Albanian yourself, you might not like what you see. It's a little run down, there are few sights, and the main attraction, the beaches, wash up with sea water so polluted it caused a outbreak of skin rashes a few years back. You can see everything in a couple of hours, and be back in Tirana for tea.
It does have some great views of the harbour and Adriatic, if you can find your way up the hill to the lighthouse past King Zog's palace. If you do, you'll be such an unusual sight that you might cause a commotion with the local kids, like I did, who came running out to stare at me. It also has potential to be a major destination for sun lovers, with its 10 kilometers of sandy beaches. They just need to clean the place up a bit first.
Photo Album on Facebook (better quality).