How to Bury One Person in More Than One Place
The belief that redeeming qualities are emanated from relics is a strong one. This has led to intense rivalries for the remains of revered individuals. In some instances body parts serve as surrogates for the entire person (relics). They may be “awarded” to sites particularly favored by the deceased or others in power. The heart of Francis I is at St.-Denis in a special urn (created by P. Bontemps (1550-5). It originally stood on a special column. Only the heart of du Guesclin made it back to Dinan where it is buried. His bones are here and other relics somewhere else. Jeanne de Bourbon,’s effigy is clutching a bag to her breast indicating that only her entrails are buried “here” (the effigy was brought to St.-Denis from a destroyed convent in Paris).
Maison d'éducation de la Légion d’Honneur
Located just south of the Basilique Saint-Denis, la Maison d'éducation de la Légion d’Honneur is an educational institute established in the early 19th century. A grand edifice was constructed for the purpose on the site of the ancient Abbey of Saint-Denis, which had been abandoned.
Tombs of Francois I and Claude de France
One of the sumptuously decorated mausoleums in Saint-Denis is the one with the tombs of Francois I and Claude de France.
Placed just next to the entrace in the part of the Basilica housing the Kings' tombs, the mausoleum was made by Philibert Delorme and Pierre Bontemps.
Nearby is the wonderful adorned urn holding the heart of the great Renaissance king Francois I which can be easily identified from the letter "F" that marks many of his works.
Henri II and Catherine de Medici
Henri II and Catherine de Medici, the last great figures of the Valois line of Capetians, are also represented praying.
The son of Francois I, Henri II died tragically in an accident in 1559.
Catherine de Medici survived her husband by 30 years and she was the one who commissioned their effugies.
As the first one was presenting them dead she felt terrified and ordered another effigy that was showing them asleep.
The effigies have been made by Primaticcio and Germain Pilon.
Maison des Arbaletriers -right
- house of rafters, a remnant of the city’s once thriving printed cotton fabric industry
constructed: 1772, as a fabric drying house
builder: Rodolphe Ebinger, Switzerland
"Eglise Saint-Denis de l'Estree"
architect: Eugene Emmanuel Viollet-le-Duc (1814-79). his restorations were considered interpretive, and controversial because he did not attempt to accurately recreate a structure, but create a ‘perfect building’ (like photo editing). To some, 'Viollet-le-Duc’ was synonymous with bad taste.
His Paris restorations included, Notre-Dame de Paris (1845-), Sainte-Chapelle and Basilique Saint-Denis (1846-) and outside Paris, the fortified city in Carcassonne (1844-).
Eglise Saint-Denis de l'Estree he designed himself, so it must be perfect.
"Theatre Gerard Philipe"
- live theater
constructed: 1902, as a municipal hall
renamed: 1960, for the popular French actor Gerard Philipe (1922-59), who died of cancer at age 36. There is also a Paris street with his name.
"Marche de Saint-Denis"
constructed : 1893
"Chapelle du Carmel"
- chapel of the strict Carmelite nuns cloister
architect: Richard Mique (1728-1794)
re-use: about 1895-1981, “Justice de Paix” -district court
current use: since 1983, Saint Denis Musee d'Art et d'Histoire / Saint Denis Museum of Art and History,