Kaufbeuren - An old town in the Allgäu
There are several very nice towns in the region of Kempten which probably seen as the 'typical' beautiful Southern Bavarian towns. One of them surely is Kaufbeuren, with its nice old town and the cobbled streets. On a beautiful weekend day I started off to the the city of Kaufbeuren, which in fact was new to me even though I have lived in the area for quite a while now. Anyway, I checked the official webpage of Kaufbeuren and found a map with a marked sightseeing path leading crisscross through the old town. I printed it out and took it with me as my guideline not to miss out a nice place.
Kaufbeuren was first mentioned in documents in 1126. From 1286 to 1803 the town was a Free Imperial City, which means that the Emperor directly ruled the town. Many old buildings have remained over the time and also the old citywall is preserved in quite an extend.
I started my sightseeing as proposed in the plan at the cityhall. There I saw a coinmashine from which you can get citymaps. Unfortunately I can't tell if it is always filled, but I guess so as it was mounted at the outer
wall of the city hall. Anyway you might want to bring a printed version of the small online map as a fallback solution.
So lets start a walk through Kaufbeuren... (find the number of the citymap in rectangular brackets if item is on the map, else they are empty)
...  the city hall:
It was built from 1879 to 1881 after the Plans of Georg Hauberrisser, who also designed the main city hall of Munich at
the central Marienplatz. The city hall looks pretty nice and from here you will have a great view along the main street in
the old town.
...  Hörmannshaus:
Just close to the cityhall you can have a look at the portal of the Hörmannshaus. It is a Renaissance-portal from 1542
and part of the hpose in which Georg Hörmann von und zu Gutenberg lived. He administrated the mines for Jakob Fugger in
Schwarz (Tirol) and later became advisor for Ferdinand I.
...  Neptunsfountain:
Find the Neptune Fountain in front of the Lutheric Trinity Church . It was made by Johann Wolfgang Schindel in 1753 who
lived in Augsburg.
...  Evang. Lutherische Dreifaltigkeitskirche (Lutheric Trinity Church):
The protestant community in Kaufbeuren uses the Lutheric Trinity Church which has a very interesting inside. It used to be the house of the Emperor Maximilian and
was reconstructed as a church in 1604. You will find religious paintings on the walls and some stucco on the walls. The interior somehow gives a little feeling to be in a room of a castle rather a church. Compare it to the catholic church in town!
Have a look at the neighboring house. There is a painting on the front refering to the visits of Emperor Maximilian to Kaufbeuren.
... : If you follow the shop passage crossing Ludwigstreet and continue through the next passage you might see a sign on the left remembering the position of the former Pulverturm (power tower). It is not existing anymore, no wonder after its history. 1632 the gunpowder blew up, in 1727 a lightning stroke the tower and in 1800 the towers time finally ended when it was teared down.
... : After walking up to the citywall you will first see the impressive symbol of Kaufbeuren, the Fuenfknopfturm (Five-Button-Tower). It was built in 1420 and up on the top there is still someone living in the guardsflat. The coat of arms mounted on the tower are representing the allied Empires of the Central Powers fighting in the First World War: the German Empire, the Austro-Hungarian Empire, the Ottoman Empire and the Kingdom of Bulgaria. From up here at the foot of the tower you have a nice view over the roofs of Kaufbeuren.
... : City Wall:
The city wall up here look exactly as a city wall should look like. It once was 1200 meters long and was built in 1420. Have a look at the nest houses for a lot of different nesting animals. It is mounted on the city wall.
... : Catholic Church St. Blasius:
Unfortunately the church was closed, repectively it was noon break for the time in whoch it is possible to get the keys for the church from the neighboring house. So I admired the interesting door beside the church leading through the city wall. Anyway, if you manage to get in: The building and interior is clearly of late gothic style of the 15th / 16th century.
... : Blasiustower:
Beside St. Blasius but connected you will see the Blasiustower which was built around 1420 as defence tower.
... : Tänzlefestbrunnen (Tänzlefestival-Fountain):
This fountan shows Anna von Hof, probably the founder of the womens monastery here in Kaufbeuren.
... : Crescentia-Monastery:
The monastery started as a Beginen community around 1250. This was probably founded by Anna von Hof. From 1315 on the community followed the order of Saint Francis of Assisi, the Franciscan. In 1741 Maria Crescentia Höss became the head of the monastry for 3 years until her death in 1744. During the Secularization the monastry was disbanded, but in 1831 reestablished. In 2001 Pope John Paul II declared Maria Crescentia Höss holy. You can enter the church of the monastery, but people were praying here and I directly went out not to disturb them. The entrance is not on the same side as the entrance to the monastry, you will have to walk around the building complex to the right.
... : St. Martins Church:
This church is pretty large and has very beautiful wooden altars. It was built as a romanic church and reconstructed in gothic style from 1438 to 1443. In the 17th century then it was again changed to baroque and later to gothic revival style. The church tower is over 68 meters high. Notice that the square beside the church used to be the cemetary. I highly recommend to have a look at this church!
... : Sywollenturm:
The Sywollentower was built as a defence tower around 1420 when the city walls were built aswell.