Sebaldkirche: a monument to peace
Sebaldkirche houses a series of black and white photos taken after the WWII bombing. The title of this permanent exhibition is Sebaldkirche: ein Denkmal für den Frieden ("Sebald church: a monument to peace"). If you understand German, you can also read some facts and thoughts under the photos.
Franken-Stadion - World Cup 2006 Venue
In 2006 Germany will host World Cup 2006, the biggest sporting event in the world. Nuremberg has been chosen to host five of the matches, four group stage games and one from the second round. It has a capacity of 45,500 and is home to one of Germany's most famous teams: FC Nürnberg.
I came here to see a game from what is considered to be the warm up tournament for the World Cup: the Confederations Cup 2005. Although it is mostly a friendly tournament, it consisted of the winners of every continental championship, as well as World Cup winners Brazil and hosts Germany. The game I went to see was a storming game between Australia and Argentina, which attracted a noisy crowd of nearly 30,000 people.
I was stuck behind a group of Brazilians who booed every Argentinian player, gesticulated angrily at the Argentinian fans every time they started chanting their country's name (giving the finger from both hands, not just one). They also cheered everything the Australians did, and sharing the same colours helped a lot. Argentina went 3-0, and so the Brazilians left and missed Australia's valiant come-back, bringing the game to 3-2 before conceeding a final, devastating, goal in the final minutes.
The ground is easy to get to, but the viewing area isn't so great. The stadium has that annoying olympic running track around the outside, meaning the fans are a lot further back from the action. The seats around the side are the best, but obviously they are also the most expensive. Still, it was a very enjoyable experience, and the local fans were gracious to the foreign teams happily picking up the banners of both nations.
Nuremberg has its own airport, but it is mostly for regional flights, budget airlines and charter holidays. Lufthansa is based there, but if you want to fly in from any major airport outside of Germany, then you'll probably have to fly in via Frankfurt. The principle budget airline serving Nuremberg is Air Berlin, and they do good value flights to all over Germany, Europe, as well as further afield to countries like Turkey and Egypt. Condor, Lufthansa's budget wing, also has a lot of charter-flight destinations. Apart from Lufthansa a small number of major national airlines fly to the city, including KLM, Air France and Turkish Airlines.
Transport to the airport is excellent, and you can get to and from the city on the U2 underground line. This takes just 12 minutes to get to the city center, and costs just €1.60.
A pretzel is a baked snack that is ordinarily twisted into a unique knot-like shape. The pretzel is usually made from wheat flour with yeast; the dough is briefly dipped in lye water before baking, and usually (though not always) salted.
Sources differ as to the time and place of the pretzel's origin. Many sources say it originated in southern Germany (where it remains very popular and is known as Bretzel); others say it comes from the French region of Alsace on the border between France and Germany. Some say it originated in Medieval times, others that it dates back to Ancient Rome or even Celtic times.
There are also several stories about the origin of the pretzel shape. One legend holds that a baker accused of larceny was offered the opportunity to cancel his sentence if he could make a bread through which the sun could be seen thrice; the ingenious baker twisted his dough into a pretzel before baking. Another common story says that the shape represents the position of arms of a monk in prayer. Another story says that the three holes represent the Christian Holy Trinity. A sign with three rings was an old symbol to mark a bakery in Germany, but sources differ as to if the signs were made to imitate the pretzel or the pretzel was made to imitate the signs. However, stories told of the pretzel are likely apochryphal, and the actual origin of the pretzel seems to be a mystery.
Documentation Centre -- Part II
Since this was the highlight of my time in Nurnberg, I'll expand a little more on it.
The museum talked about the huge Nazi rallies, which had up to 1 million people from all over Germany attend. They talked about the logistics Nurnberg had to deal with, the "Nuremberg Laws" of 1935, the Nurnberg trials of 1945 (see the movie "Judgement at Nuremberg", it's awesome). Other topics were the rise of Hitler, the rise of Nazism, the effects it had on the country, and parts of WWII.