Terminus of the Romantic...
Terminus of the Romantic Road, WÜRZBURG straddles the River Main some 60km north of Rothenburg, and can be reached either by bus from there or by train from Nürnberg, Augsburg or Munich. During the night of March 16, 1945, it got the same treatment from Allied bombers that Nürnberg had received two months earlier. Würzburg has been less successful in rebuilding itself, but a number of outstanding sights and the town's location among a landscape of vineyards easily justify a visit.
Bracketed by the river and the Residenz, the old town is focused on the Marktplatz, where a daily food market ensures a lively bustle. It is called the Oberer Markt. You can find spices, candy, bread, bakery items, schnitzels, fruit, veggies, meats, cheeses, etc.
Kaepple / the pilgrim-church at Nikolausberg
Käppele is the local name for the lovely pilgrim-church close to the castle Marienberg. It was also built after the plans of Balthasar Neumann between 1748 and 1752.
Already in 1650 there was a small chapel at this place and several miracles happened in that small chapel, so it became a popular pilgrim-chapel for the people of that area.
The traditional way to the "kaepple" is by foot along a pilgrim-path with 14 stations with life-size sculptures.
In case that you dont have enough time to step up, take your car or take a look from Marienberg, as I did !
Marienburg was the ancient home of the prince-bishops from 1253 to 1720. The prince-bishops ruled Germany and several other countries in Europe (such as Andorra & The Vatican). They were appointed by the church to positions combining political and religious authority. The prince-bishops ruled small areas under the control the Archbishops who typically held regional power from the larger cities such as Cologne, Mainz, Prague, Trier, Vienna, and Salzburg. The archbishops ruled under authority of the pope, and this area formed what is known as the Holy Roman Empire.
This historical building on the Market Square (Markt) has been rebuilt complete with the elaborate decorations that it first received in the year 1751.
In this house there is a city library, with internet access, and also a tourist information office where among other things you can get a city map, or they can find you a hotel room. They also sell tickets to concerts, operas and other events, including all performances at the Mainfranken Theater Würzburg.
Taking pictures inside Residence is forbidden. Therefore I advise you to buy the - rather thick - brochure about Residence which costed at that time only 3 euros. The interior of Residence really makes for the entry price for sure, all visiting rooms are special, each one of them being really different and unique. I was impressed by:
1. Garden Hall - an oval room with a low ceiling, with many pillars around the room, forming a gorgeous ceiling which is painted with frescos.
2. Staircase - which is the central point of Residence, it is a marvelous piece of art - the double stairs and the big painting on the high ceiling
3. White Hall - again an original room, I never seen a more interesting white ceiling, it is all white with no colour but some shades of grey. The stucco are incredible, looking like silk
4. Imperial Hall - is the culmination of the magnificent rooms. This one is also special, too little to say in words. At that time it was arranged with seats, probably for a ceremony or even a concert
5. Southern Imperial Apartments - Rooms, Antechambers, Audience Rooms, Bedrooms - all unique than I ever saw in France's palaces or in Germany. I dare to say that the interiour of Residence is nicer than any palace in France or Germany.
6. Mirror Cabinet - a smaller room but with the most precious interior, was completely destroyed in the bombings of 1945. Based of a preserved mirror fragment, photographs and watercocolour the entire room was recreated between 1979 and 1987.
7. Northerm Imperial Apartments - with incredible pieces of furniture, watches and white fireplaces. Here there is also the Green Laquered Room - with the most ellaborate and remarkable inlaid floor with a perspective pattern trough use of dark and light exotic woods.
8. State Gallery - Rooms with paintings and other pieces of art
9. Court Chapel - which occupies a corner of Residence, being an embedded churh with perfect decorations