Treptower Park: Soviet Memorial
Admiring its architecture. Visiting Treptower Park is a must for all Soviet citizens - this is what the hosts told us.
We were taken to the memorial to the Soviet soldiers and officers who had fallen during the battles in and around Berlin in 1945.
It was very impressive to see all those monuments and tombs of the fallen soldiers and officers.
I haven't been there since, but I hope the memorial looks nice now.
Red Town Hall
Near the Neptune Fountain is the Berlin Governing Town Hall, otherwise known as the Red Town Hall. It was built in 1861-1870 by Waesemann with red brick. Nearby is a Nikolai church and also St Mary Church
This is an old watter tower that today is has been inhabited, so they made apartments on it.
It is in a park where the dependences of the water cistern was. on top of the park there is a nice view over the Fernsehenturm.
The area is surrounded with restaurants and terraces, and one of the most important synagoges of berlin, the only one that was not fired during all the Nazi periode due to its location around apartment buildings. On the old Cistern there was a hospital, or first aid house before the WWII that then the Nazis then change to a concentration camp or area. Today is under reforming and will probably held an expotition area.
Victims of the wall
On the western side of Ebertstraße between Branderburg Gate and Reichstag on the edge of Tiergarten park and on the place where the Belin wall stood, there was a special place to commemorate victims of the Berlin Wall.
There were numerous white crosses hang on the fence. There were names of the victims shot to death by East German guards while they tried to cross the wall, old photographs, flowers on each of them. Totally 192 persons were killed and approx. 200 injured on the Wall.
May 8, 1945 - World War II is over and Berlin is divided into 4 sectors: the American, British, French in the West and the Soviet in the East.
May 24, 1949 - Federal Republic of Germany is founded (West Germany).
October 7, 1949 - German Democratic Republic is founded (East Germany).
May 26, 1952 - Border between East and West Germany and between East Germany and West Berlin is closed. Only the border between East and West Berlin is still opened.
June 17, 1953 - Uprising of East Berlin building workers against the imposition of increased working norms, division of Germany and Soviet authorities, suppression by Red Army tanks.
August 13, 1961 - The Berlin sectorial border between East and West Berlin is closed at weekend night, barriers are built, then the wall (four generations).
August 26, 1961 - All crossing points are closed for West Berlin citizens.
June 26, 1963 - US President J. F. Kennedy visits Berlin and says: "Ich bin ein Berliner." ("I am a Berliner.").
December 17, 1963 - West Berliner citizen may visit East Berlin the first time after more than two years.
September 10, 1989 - Hungarian government opens border for East German refugees.
November 9, 1989 - Berlin Wall is opened.
December 22, 1989 - Brandenburg Gate is opened.
October 3, 1990 - Germany is reunited.
Beer, watching people and more...
I was lucky to eat. drink, listen to the blues concert and meet 3 other VT-ers in Yorckschlosschen.
History and tradition
The Yorckschlosschen (I called it easy Yorck :-) exists under same name for over 100 years now. The club became a real Kreuzberg institution.
It was a rather middle-class corner pub in the 1960s but it increasingly became an artists' watering hole in the early '70s.
Blues and jazz kingdom
Berlin's musicians like to get together there, which is not surprising after almost twenty years of regular live music. Every musician in the city wants to perform there. The emphasis is on traditional jazz, swing and black rhythm'n'blues. You can hear the best in New Orleans jazz, soul and blues there.
The place is small - the main room contains of small scene (max. for 3-4 musicians), small (large pizza size) tables and bar on the back. There is one more room. On the walls there are numerous old and new pictures of various jazz/blues musicians who played there. Above the scene there was famous New Orleans Jazz club Preservation Hall sign.
People and atmosphere
There were a lot of people of various age: 20 to say 70 inside. This tavern was a true melting pot. It seems that everyone meets here - young and old, poor and rich - and no-one takes exception to anyone else.
Not allowed (as you can see on my picture :-) although I saw one guy taking pictures inside with a flash and I... followed him. They didn't kill me. By the way the ban on photography was written almost on the ceiling and exclusively in German.