ENGLISH - Visit the Pergamum...
ENGLISH - Visit the Pergamum Museum. It looks as if they had built the building for the museum around a greek temple (ok: they re-built the temple inside the museum, of course)- PORTUGUÊS - Visitem o Museu de Pérgamo. Dir-se-ia que construiram um edifício para o museu à volta de um templo grego (claro que reconstruiram o templo dentro do museu) - FRANÇAIS - Visitez le Musée de Pergame. On aurait dit qu'ils ont construit l'immeuble du musée autour d'un temple grec(évidemment, ils ont re-construit le temple à l'intérieur du musée).
Opposite Rathaus there is not only Marienkirche but you can see as well this wonderful Poseidon Fountain. It is pity but I couldn't find any information why it is situated here and due to what event it was built.
Berlin Victory Column AKA Goldelse
We passed the Siegessäule on the bus although we did not get to actually visit. It was designed by Heinrich Strack after 1864 to commemorate the Prussian victory in the Danish-Prussian War. By the time it was inaugurated on 2 September 1873, Prussia had also defeated Austria in the Austro-Prussian War (1866) and France in the Franco-Prussian War (1870–71). These were called the "Unification Wars". The statue of the bronze Victoria designed by Friedrich Drake is on the top.
According to internet sites: Built on a base of polished red granite, the column sits on a hall of pillars with a glass mosaic designed by Anton von Werner.
The column itself consists of four solid blocks of sandstone, three of which are decorated by cannon barrels captured from the enemies of the Unification Wars. The fourth ring was added by Hitler after the Battle of France ended.
..In 1939, the Nazis relocated the column to its present site at the Großer Stern (Great Star), a large intersection on the city axis that leads from the former Berliner Stadtschloss (Berlin City Palace) through the Brandenburg Gate to the western parts of the city. The place it originally stood was heavily bombed by the Allies so it probably would not have survived.
The relief decoration (photo 2) was removed at the request of the French forces in 1945, and without a British-American veto, the French would have dynamited the monument after the war. It was restored for the 750th anniversary of Berlin in 1987 by the French president at that time, François Mitterrand. However, several sections remain in France.
You can visit by walking through one of four tunnels under the heavily trafficked circle, built in 1941 according to the plans of Albert Speer. For a small fee you can climb a steep spiral staircase of 285 steps almost to the top of the column, to just under the statue. From this perspective you can look over the Tiergarten including the Soviet War Memorial, 1946, in line with the Nazi proposed north-south triumphal way by Speer and Hitler.
The Victory Column is open daily: 9:30 a.m. – 6:30 p.m. (April – October), and 9:30 a.m. – 5:30 p.m. (November – March).
Sixtus-Villa and Viktoria-Quartier
If you are heading to Viktoriapark in the suburb of Kreuzberg you will almost certainly walk past the Sixtus-Villa, a spectacular red brick building that reminds of a medieval knight’s castle.
This is the so-called Sixtus-Villa, named after Hans Sixtus (1907 – 1975), the former director (1945) and general director (1956) of the Schultheiss brewery (that BTW had several production sites and had started brewing in 1853 in Schönhauser Allee in the north). It was his private residence from 1953. After Sixtus’ death the building was used as laboratory of the brewery (from 1978). Beer production took place on site until 1993 when it was relocated to Indira-Gandhi-Straße in Lichtenberg/Pankow.
The old brewery buildings, designed by the architect Carl Teichen (1858 – 1903),
have become the centre of a new residential park named Viktoriaquartier in 1999. Only a few historic buildings have survived World War II, for example the Gotische Halle (Gothic Hall) with its church-like ribbed vaulting. The striking Sixtus-Villa with its asymmetric tower, was built in 1901, and the intention was in fact to make it look like a medieval castle. It was the brewery’s taproom and main entrance. The architecture is a kind of free style, the precursor of expressionism.
The brewery was founded in 1862 next to the amusement park Tivoli (founded in 1829) on the southern flanks of the Kreuzberg. Construction of the brewery buildings, then called Brauereigesellschaft Tivoli, took until 1873. In 1891 Schultheiss took over. They pumped water up from 120 metre deep wells. The complex included the traditional brewery facilities like malthouse and bottle cleaning, but also saddlery, joinery, painter shop, blacksmith, and a stable for 275 brewery horses.
Another interesting feature is that a vineyard has been planted, linking Viktoriapark and Viktoria-Quartier. There had already been such a vineyard in the past.
Methfesselstraße 28 – 48, Berlin-Kreuzberg
S-Bahn: S 1, S 2, S 25, U-Bahn U 7, station Yorckstraße
This Tadjik tea-room brings tea drinking to the level of an art. Tea drinking belongs to the culinary customs of Tadjikistan. The menu details how you should prepare and drink all the different tea types.