AndrÃ?Â© Pican Strasse 23, , Oranienburg, Brandenb
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Bridge over the canal
Information on the walls
The road down to the camp
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At 1107 hours on 22nd April 1945 the camp was liberated by a unit of the 47th Soviet Army. There was only 3,000 survivors in the camp of which 1,400 were women, most of them too weak to welcome their liberators.The other inmates had been forced to leave the camp on a death march. Despite medical treatment many inmates did not survive the days following their liberation. The camp clock has been left at the time the camp was liberated the same as Buchenwald.
The Soviet Special Camp Museum
The Soviet Special Camp Museum is just outside the main camp and is close to the Special Camp. For some reason it is either missed by visitors or not very popular as I was the only visitor. It is an excellent modern museum that covers the history of Special Camp No. 7. Another reason for visiting is to use the public toilets tucked away in the building.
Some of the Saddest of the Sad: Gypsies or Roma
Some people were imprisoned in concentration camps like Jews, all Jews were suppose to be made to "work" and be detained and killed. Other religious groups and philosophical people and politicals and radicals also imprisoned. Some groups were only sent there, they were never going to leave: homosexuals, prostitutes, handicapped and mentally ill persons, certain others, and especially Gypsies.
Its hard to know how many Gypsies were killed because most never had official numbers or countings in the first place some estimate between 500,000 or more. But like the Jews they were especially hated very much by Nazis, they were killed by shot, used like animals in experiments and horribly abused. At Sachsenhausen a lot of experiment take place on them just like the black prisoners of war who were brought there.
The foto shows where Gypsies were sent at Sachsenhausen, they never came out of that place.
Work sets you free
‘Arbeit macht frei’, ‘Work makes (one) free’. A slogan used by the Nazis at some of their concentration camps including Sachsenhausen, normally set into the gates. Under the Nazis it did not matter how hard you worked it certainly was not a way out of the concentration camps. It was meant as a spirital freedom through endless work.
The Sachsenhausen Concentration Camp was liberated by a unit of the 47th Soviet Army and Polish Forces on April 22nd, 1945. The Soviet soldiers found only 3,000 survivors in the camp. This number included 1,400 women. Most of them were starving, ill and too weak to welcome their liberators. Like in several other camps, and despite of the medical cares they received, many inmates died in the days following the liberation.
If you walk to Sachsenhausen Concentration Camp, before you turn off down the road to the camp you will notice a small memorial set in a very small park. This is to commemorate the Todesmarsch or Death March. As the Second World was coming to an end in Europe prisoners from different concentration camps were forced by the SS to march under extreme conditions away from the invading armies.
The death march from Sachsenhausen started on the morning of the 21st April 1945, when between 30,000 and 45,000 prisoners were lead off in columns of 500. The plan was to take the prisoners to the Bay of Lubeck, force them onto barges which were to be sunk. 3,000 very sick prisoners were left behind and they were liberated the 22nd of April. The prisoners were forced to march 20-40 kms a day and sleep without cover outside. The prisoners were also forced to drag carts containing the possessions of the guards. The death march ended on the 3rd of May when the guards realising the war was about to end suddenly disappeared leaving the prisoners behind. During the march approximately 6,000 to 7,000 prisoners died dues to the conditions, illness, starvation or being shot.
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