History Timeline Part V
The economic boom made it possible to replace the decaying Ratgar Basilica with a new building. Prince Abbot Adalbert of Schleiffras (1700 - 1714) contracted the Architect Johannes Dientzenhofer from Bamberg.
After most of the old basilica was torn down, they started building the new cathedral. The work went on until 1712.
The Residence Palace, today the City Palace was rebuilt in 1714. Just like the cathedral, it was planned by Dientzenhofer.
The Mainz Building Superintendent, Maximilian von Welsch was contracted to build the orangerie and the palace gardens.
Andreas Gallasini from Lugano became the royal building inspector and the designer of Baroque Fulda.
The orangerie was built by the year 1725.
The university opens. It was there until 1805.
Prince Bishop Amand von Buseck (1737 - 1756) had a pheasant garden built in the summer palace (Adolphseck) near Eichenzell.
Pope Benedict XIV promotes the Carity Abbey Fulda to a Princely Episcopate.
In the Seven Year Warm destruction descended upon Fulda in 1763 once again.
On the Münsterfeld a battle was fought between Prussian and Wuertemberian Troops.
The Fulda Porcellain Company was established. "White Gold" was produced in Fulda until 1789.
The work for the present-day munciple Catholic church began. It's Fulda's last Baroque building and was completed in 1792.
The author Heinrich König (1790 - 1868) was born in Fulda.
German Fire Fighting Museum
In three exhibition halls, you can see fire fighting equipment that goes from the Renaissance up until what is used today in Germany, as well as how fire fighting techiques progressed through the centuries.
Many visitors wish that they could look just once at everything the musuem has, but hasn't put on display (because of the lack of space). As of Spring 2001, pre-registered groups can take a look at all the interesting stuff the musuem doesn't have room to display.
You can call the number below to arrange a special group tour.
Everyday except Monday from 10 a.m. through 5 p.m.
Adults 3 €, Fire-Fighters, Youths, Children, Seniors, Students, and Groups up to 10 people 2 €, Family Ticket 10 €, Groups or Pre-registered tours 18 €, Children under 6 get in for free.
Inside the Cathedral
"A very old Cathedral"
On Sunday, January 12, 2003, my husband decided that we should go to the flea market in Fulda. After rummaging around for a couple of hours, we were hungry, and wanted to get a bite to eat. After that what next?
"Schatz, let's go inside the cathedral. I've never been inside!"
Armed with my digital point and shoot it, we went around the corner to the Cathedral of St. Petrus.
Just inside the door, they had a nativity scene, because it hasn't been that long since the Epiphany, and they plan to keep it there until Lent starts.
At any rate to explain, in Germany, you cannot always tell from the furnishings if the church is Catholic or Protestant, because during the reformation, many churches were "seized" and turned protestant.
Common is such churches, are little alters surrounding the pews, like this one, an alter for St. Joseph.
Notice how they use the little round window as a halo for St. Joseph?
As you will notice in these photos, the cathedral in Fulda is a baroque church. For you non-art people out there, baroque means:
Outside = ho-hum
Inside = wow
and the difference between baroque and roccoco is:
Outside = ho-hum
Inside = Oh-mi-god!
Baroque churces have walls usually painted plain white, with elaborate figures and lots of marble and gold. Everthing looks like Raphael did it - except when you're in Germany, then it just looks like Neumann did everything (no relation).
This is a picture of the Chancel, that place where the priest stands and tells all of the secrets in that black book with the cross on it.
"Until death doth us part..."
This is a detail of a the royalty plaque near the altar. On the plaque you can see the family names and shields of the local gentry from the bygone days, although some of these families have managed to survive.
Please keep in mind that churchs were THE focus point in society in bygone days, and such ambicous projects like this cathedral could not be built without sponsers. As crass as it may seem, the Coca-Cola company wasn't around back then, or else they would have their logo here too. Ornate gentry plaques in the church served one main purpose: to remind everyone who to be thankful for sponsering the church - they had no religious purpose. Still to prove their piousness, this plaques were erected with elegance and true artwork, including the figure of death - a reminder of what will become of us all, and a comfort for the true believers in Christ that they will receive ever-lasting life afterwards.
I might mention here, that the white figures and the black marble have symbol meanings in Fulda - they are the official colors of the church episcopate. An episcopate is a Bishop Kingdom.
Unfortunately, they did not have a tour in session while we were there, because they were holding a christening in the christening chapel. I would like to tell you more about the organ, but I will have to do some digging.
The gold you see, contrary to popular belief, is not gold lief, but special gold paint. Gold lief, unfortunately is disappearing, because of new technology and lack of funds. My husband is one of the few people left who actually learned how to apply gold lief. Now they use a 3-layer paint system, that looks the same. The problem with gold lief is that is turns dark as time goes on, and has to be reapplied every so often, it's not the cost of the gold lief that prohibits this - it's the cost of paying the people to apply, that's so expensive.
Absolutely magnificent is the altar in this church. Tons of black and white Italian marble frame the alter picture, which is a unique alter, since the pillars frame an alter behind the alter, which contains an oil painting of Christ speaking to the Temple Elders. Black marbel and white walls weres chosen for the Fulda Cathedral to symbolize the coat of Arms of the Bishop of Fulda. His coat of arms hangs over the altar. Typical of many baroque churchs, this one uses natural sunlight, to create an atmosphere of holy light in it; thus the basilica behind the main alter. The crucifix is pure gold, and the altar candlealbras are gold-plated.