Die Gartenstadt Margarethenhöhe
This area in the city of Essen was design and build long time ago for the steel employees. So I was told, but I am not going to repeat all its history here, please check the link and search the net for more precise information.
I also crated travelogue with more nice photos I took in this area.
My Gartenstadt Margarethenhöhe travelogue
The red mill ferry house...
I haven't been there in quite some time, but this used to be one of my fav places on warm summer evenings, when the family was in fancy for a little excursion - this notion usually took us to the Rote Mühle, to sit in the Biergarten, watch the river and have a hot chocolate. I've never been inside the house, but it looks quite comfy in the pix on their website.
The location is rather fine - a little wood on the one side (and behind that the street), the river and its footpath on the other, trees all around and on the opposite riverbank some hills. Very pleasant atmosphere. There's even an old colliery tower nearby. Ach, a classic Ruhrpott scenery :o) Hot chocolate?
The Villa Hügel is a house built in the late 19th century for Mr. Krupp, the industrial tycoon and boss of the Krupp steel factories. It's a huge house with even bigger gardens around. A beautiful place to go on a sunny day! In the house itself there are changing exhibitions. We just had a look in the entrance hall though! Pretty impressive already!
Werden: The Abbey
Werden is now a suburb of Essen but it is older than the city, even 50 years older than the canonesses' convent in Essen. The core of Werden is a Benedictine abbey that was founded by Saint Liudger (Ludgerus) in the year 799.
Liudger's family belonged to the upper 10,000, rather the upper 1,000 in the empire of Charlemagne. In his youth he had met Bonifatius who visited the house of his parents, and then decided to become a missionary himself. After studies in England he became a priest in 777 and started his work in Dokkum, the very place where Bonifatius had been slain by pagan Frisians. In Rome he learned and studied the rule of Saint benedict. He did not become a monk himself but decided to found a monastery in his home country some day.
Charlemagne, whom Liudger met in person during his stay in Italy, entitled him as leader of the mission in the entire Western Saxony, today's Westphalia and Lower Saxony, with Münster as headquarters. In 795 he started the construction of the cathedral in Münster. Soon after he acquired land by the Ruhr river and founded the long-planned monastery of Werden on his personal property. In 805 he became the first Bishop of Münster. Four years later he died in Billerbeck. His corpse was transferred to Werden and buried in the crypt of his abbey church where it rests to this very day.
The present church is already the third in this place, built after the big fire of 1256. It is the latest Romanesque church in the Rhinelands. Older parts are preserved in the crypt and in the lower part of the western tower and its substructions.
The crypt contains the tomb of St Liudger in the central chamber underneath the main altar, and the graves of five of his relatives who also high-ranking clerics and active in the early Christian mission. Liudger's mortal remains rest in a modern bronze shrine in the shape of the church. It was created in the 1980s by Gernot Rumpf. The former shrine, a neogothic piece, is on display in the treasure chamber (see separate tip).
Access to the crypt is from both transepts down a few stairs and through low vaulted passages. The crypt is actually located outside the church, as you can see from behind the choir.
In the heart of the Ruhr area
The Ruhr area (German das Ruhrgebiet or, colloquially, der Ruhrpott) is a metropolitan area in Germany consisting of a number of large industrial cities bordered by the rivers Ruhr (to the south), Rhine (west) and Lippe (north). In the east, it borders the Bergisches Land.
The area includes the cities of (from the west to the east) Duisburg, Oberhausen, Bottrop, Mülheim, Essen, Gelsenkirchen, Bochum, Herne and Dortmund. The cities of the areas have grown into one large complex forming an industrial landscape of unique size. The area is often mistakenly perceived as one city because the borderlines between the individual cities are not drawn on many maps. The area first grew during the Industrial Revolution, mainly basing its economy on mining coal.
Today Essen is the sixth largest city of Germany. Population: 608,700 (1999).
Despite its largeness the city is not as well-known as other cities of comparable size. This is due to the lack of historical tradition. Essen was an insignificant agricultural place until the 19th century, although founded as early as about 850. The mining of coal and ore led to the growth of the city and the entire Ruhr area. Essen is the home of the Krupp family; the family established steel production in Essen in 1811.
SIGHTS IN ESSEN:
Cathedral (Münster): 14th century, enlarged and rebuilt in 1958; not spectacular in appearance, but the interior is famous (many artworks from around 1000 AD, crown of emperor Otto III).
Old Synagogue (Alte Synagoge): Largest synagogue north of the Alps; built in 1913, it was burnt out in the Nazi pogroms of 1938, but the framework survived the fascistic terror; restored after the war.
Meteorit: A subterranean adventure park designed by the Austrian artist Andre Heller, mainly featuring light effects.
Zeche Zollverein: Coal mine built in 1932, closed in 1986. The huge mine shafts are now open for visitors. They are listed in the UNESCO World Heritage.
Lichtburg: This cinema has with 1250 seats the largest (and the most beautiful) cinema hall in Germany, build 1928.
Werden: Once a city of its own, it became a borough of Essen in 1929; there is still a medieval townscape with many pubs and restaurants along the car-free streets.