Count Engelbert II
Without a doubt, Count Engelbert II was the most famous of the Counts of Berg. This statue of him stands in front of his castle. To this day, the castle dimensions are essentially those which Engelbert maintained during his short reign. At the time of his death he was just 40 years old. In just a few years - from 1218 to 1225 - he built up the castle to be his splendid ruling seat and an insurmountable mighty fortification. - His high office seemed to demand just such a fortification.
Made in Solingen
"Where are your knives and scissors from?"
Japan, Hongkong or have you still got some 'Made in Solingen'?
Solingen has been famous for handicraft but of course it has more to offer:
like the old medivial castle from the 11th century on top of a hill
to reach by bus, car or most fun but a little scary by ROPE RAILWAY
The tree on the left is a Linde and about 250 years old
"That is no joking matter: castle prison"
On the ground of the left castle tower was the JAIL:
How to get there once you were sentenced to jail?
LOWER PRISONERS were thrown downstairs (I assessed about 4 - 5m) resulting in all kinds of fractures.
FIRST CLASS prisoners like the bishop of Cologne were taken downstairs in a wooden cage.
Accomodation and Catering was equal for all:
hay to sit and sleep on,
bread and water to eat and drink. I wonder whether they used the water for washing, too.
Black slate is a common kind of stone in the area of Solingen called Bergisches Land.
That's why the people made plates of slate to slate their houses afterwards.