Town of Famous Individualists
In 1505 he graduated with a Masters from the university's faculty of philosophy. It is said that a violent storm close to Erfurt that same year prompted him to become a monk at the Augustinian Monastery in gratitude for his survival. Martin Luther stayed in Erfurt until 1511 and was ordained as a priest in the cathedral. It is more than 500 years since Luther was a student at the collegium maius, the old Erfurt university's main building, which is now being restored. On 10 November every year, Erfurt celebrates Martin Luther's birthday and remembers St. Martin with the St. Martin's Festival on Domplatz. "
Johann Sebastian Bach
Johann Sebastian Bach was born in Eisenach in 1685.The Thuringian Bach Festival, held annually in March and April, bears eloquent witness to this unparalleled musical legacy. Musical life in Erfurt is greatly indebted to the Bachs, various members of Johann Sebastian's family, who were engaged as organists and town musicians. On the Bach trail: Merchants' Bridge, Fischmarkt, Kürschnergasse or Junkersand.
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
Erfurt is close to Weimar and it is not difficult to find traces of Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, the great man of letters, here too. A number of buildings in Erfurt have Goethe inscriptions, for example. Goethe often travelled to Erfurt, both on business and privately, and he liked the city so much that he called it Thuringia's Rome.
Adam Ries, a well-known German mathematician, worked in Erfurt from 1518 to 1522/23. He lived in Drachengasse, just a few metres from the collegium maius, Erfurt university's main building. Academically, Adam Ries' Erfurt years were the most fruitful of his life.
was born on 4 July 1685 in Erfurt His work, which quickly lifted horticulture in Erfurt to new and greater heights, contributed to the city developing a reputation in Europe for its flowers and horticulture. ---> ega Erfurt
St. Crucis oder Newwerkkirche
The original church was started in 1168 and administered by nuns of the Augustinerinnen (catholic nuns) kloster in 1196. The church was rebuilt in the second half of the 16 century. Between 1731-1735 the church was embellished with Barock designs. The kloster was annulled in 1879. The church has been a parish church since 1182.
Monastery course 3
Krämerbrücke - Merchants Bridge
Official description: "The Krämerbrücke / Merchants’ Bridge is Erfurt’s most interesting example of secular architecture. This arched stone bridge was constructed in 1325 over the river Gera where the original ford was located along the "via regia" trading route. The Krämerbrücke is the only bridge north of the Alps to be built over entirely with houses that are still used as residences. In medieval times there were two churches built at either end of the bridge, one of which, the Ägidienkirche, is still in existence."
Nothing more to add. Sitting at mild evenings and nights close to that bridge, or in a restaurant outside, that means pure romance. On six arches stood originally 62 narrow houses which were summarized, meanwhile, on 32.
The type of statue in the middle of the Fischmarkt is called a Roland Statue and was a symbol of a town having the status of a free city of the Holy Roman Empire. Unfortunately, this was a status never attained by Erfurt but, in 1591, under commission by the Erfurt COuncil, the Dutch sculptor Israel von der Milla created this soldier's statue bearing the insignia of the Roman Republic.
The council and the people they represented were, in fact, on a drive for independence.
This monument replaced one featuring Erfurt's patron saint, St. Martin.
Going round in circles
The Neue Muhle (New Mill) is a recreation of what used to be an integral part of Erfurt life in the past. In fact, it was critical to many cities.
The river Gera was the power source for as many as fifty in times Mediaeval and on this particular spot there was a mill as early as 1225 so records tell us.
Having said that, this particular building dates from 1826.
It has one unusual feature inasmuch as there's a glass panel wall for the wheel house so tourists can see and better understand the workings of the large undershot water wheel. I mean, really, water goes past, pushes paddle wheel, turns grinding wheel. Not a lot to understand, more nice to actually see.