A Country and City of War
st cities of Crete, Hania was conquered in 69 BC by the Romans. It was under the control of the Byzantines in 961 AD, and it became a Venetian colony in 1252. Venice's influence can still been seen today, seen in the great wall surrounding the city. In 1646, the city fell to the Ottoman Empire. And in 1913, at the end of the Ottoman rule, Crete was ceded to Greece, with Hania being made the capital. During the second World War in 1941, Cretans put up a great resistance to the airborne-invading Nazis.
The reason for the long history of war to control the city, lies in its strategic position in the Mediterranean. At the west end of Crete is in a great position for the trading industry.