History of Kos
Archaeological finds show that Kos has been inhabited since prehistoric times. From the excavations at the cave Aspri Petra (White Stone) on the hill of Zini at Kefalos there have been discovered finds dating back as early as 3000 BC, the Early Bronze Age. The first settlement in Kos Town dates back to the end of this era and since has existed in various forms and under various dominations. Kos flourished during the Minoan and Mycenaean periods and, according to folklore took part to the Trojan War with 30 ships. After the collapse of the Mycenaean civilization, the island became Doric and a new period of glory started.
There are 2 to 3 ferries a day from Piraeus. Kos is connected to Rhodes twice a day, and with varying frequency to: Amorgos, Ikaria, Kastellorizo, Astypalea, Nisyros, Telos, Patmos, Kalymnos, Syros, Leros, Mykonos, Paros, Agathonisi and Symi.
One can also cross to Bodrum, Turkey.
Kefalos village is set high on a hill up above the marvelous sweep of Kamari Bay. The village although touristy is still somewhat traditional and worth a visit. There is a traditional house museum and lots of little tourist shops and tavernas. The views over the bay from the village are worth the effort.
Visit to the Beach!
There are two beaches near enough to Kos town - both looked crowded to us! Better options can be found at Lambi at the northern tip of Kos and Psalidi (3km) to the south and Aghios Fokas (8km) just where the south coast begins. The best known beach though is Tingaki.
Welcome to Kos
The small (290km²) but beautiful island of Kos lies in the southeast of the Agean Sea, just a stone's throw away from the Turkish coast. The island has about 20,000 inhabitants and belongs to Greece since 1947. Before this time Kos was occupied by the Romans, Venecians, Italians and the Turkish. The capital of the island is Kos City which is located in the northeast as you can see on the map. The city has about 11,000 inhabitants and is famous for the so-called "Asklepieion", as well as for Hippokrates a doctor who was born there. The tree under which it's said he taught does still exist, it's located at Platía Platanou.