According to myth, the cult of Athena Lindia was pre-Hellenic, although this is not borne out by the sporadic excavation finds. The history of the sanctuary begins in the Geometric period (9th c. BC). In the Archaoc period the tyrant of Lindos, Kleoboulos, revived the cult and built a temple, probably on the site of an earlier one. The Archaic temple had the same Doric tetrastyle amphiprostyle plan as the subsequent one. The sanctuary was approached by a rough flight of steps. After it was burnt down in 342 BC, the present temple was built with the propylaea and the monumental staircase. The Hellenistic stoa is later. In the 3rd c. BC the cult of Zeus Polieus was introduced, although Athena remained the principal deity of the sanctuary. In the Roman period the priest Aglochartos planted olive trees on the spot, and according to an inscription the Sanctuary of Psithyros was built close to the Temple of Athena (2nd c. AD). The Temple of Athena Lindia is without doubt now, as was then, the crowning glory of this fabulous archaeological site. It occupies the southern most tip of the Acropolis and affords stunning views of St Paul’s Bay and beyond. It was erected on the highest point of the citadel in the 4th century BC, on the site where an archaic temple dating back to at least to the second millennium BC was destroyed by fire in 392BC. In Greek mythology, Athena was the goddess of wisdom, weaving, crafts, and war. Athena's wisdom encompasses the technical knowledge employed in weaving, metal-working, and war, but also includes the cunning intelligence of such trickster figures as Odysseus.
In the courtyard of the church of St Mary is the stone bell tower or campanile. The church itself dates from the 15th century but it was built on the site of an earlier 10th century basilica. Its free to enter the church but a small fee has to be made to visit its associated museum.
The Acropolis of Lindos is one of Rhodes most historic sites. It sits at the top of the hill that towers above the village, on the edge of a cliff . You can walk up to it quite easily, even in the sun. You take one of two paths up from the village - one is the way the donkeys go, and is longer and less shaded but less steep; the other is out of the back of the village past the lace sellers, and is steeper but shorter.
Views From On High II
This view is from inside the Acropolis. St. Paul's Bay is an alomost totally encolsed "lake" of sea. From this angle it looks totally enclosed but from other angles you can see the narrow entrance to it from between the cliffs.
Lindos is only an hour by Bus from Rodos, and is well worth the visit.
It is located in the South East of Rhodes Island.
It was once one of Rhodes' ancient and important cities and grew to prosperity under the Knights of St. John. Little or no changes can be made to the buildings, many of which have survived since the 15th Century. which means it has retained that old world feeling.
The architectural style of the village is a mixture of Gothic, Byzantine Greek and middle Eastern influences. The village also has many traditional, distinctive, white and black "chochlaki" pebbled floors.
No vehicles other than motorbikes, small delivery vans and the donkeys which carry tourists to the acropolis are allowed on the paved streets.
I think that is great! You have to watch out for the Donkeys though, the streets are narrow.
The buildings have lovely facades, doorways and windows with carvings.
The old town itself is a maze of narrow streets, just like Rodos, begging to be explored!
There are small shops selling, clothes and jewelery, pottery, custom made sandals and leather goods, and regional crafts.
I saw some beautiful original hand painted plates, would have liked to buy, but too heavy to take home!!
There's plenty to choose from.
And don't forget the ancient Acropolis on top of the hill, worth the climb or the Donkey ride, which ever you choose. Just remember, coming back down is easy!