Eger has been inhabited since the Stone Age. Hungarians occupied the area in the 10th century. The first cathedral of Eger was built on the Castle Hill, upon the present site of Eger castle. During the Turkish occupation of Hungary, Eger became an important border fortress. Today's Eger is a prospering town and a popular tourist destination with a charming Baroque town centre. Eger is one of the most beautiful towns of Hungary with lots of historic buildings. It lies in the valley of the Eger Stream, in the hill-country, which extends over the western foot of the Bükk Mountains. The small town centre is a pedestrian area that features many brightly painted houses with iron balconies lining narrow, twisting streets. Ornate lampposts and hanging baskets of flowers decorate the cobbled lanes and squares and sculptures representing the battle against the Turks are a proud reminder of the victorious saga. Eger is a Baroque town known not only for its history, mellow charm and vineyards, but also for its thermal baths. Visitors looking for a bit of time-out can unwind in the peaceful Archbishop’s Garden, a leafy park enclosing swimming pools and hot thermal baths.