deTomaso is known in North...
deTomaso is known in North America for the Pantera, which was sold by Ford in the 1970s.
Selling both luxury and sports cars over the years since 1959, their production levels are small compared to other manufacturers.
And for some reason, still unknown to me, there's a miniature horse pen in front of the factory...
Modena’s Duomo: A Romanesque Masterpiece, Part III
“You don’t need any brains to listen to music.”
— Luciano Pavarotti, Modena’s native son, (1935-2007)
Is your astrological sign Leo, the lion? If it is, or if you travel with some who is a Leo as I do, here is a fun way to honor that person and that birth sign and to make unique photos: pose with lions, not real ones, but architectural ones, decorative ones.
Modena’s duomo has many lions for posing with, both indoor and out.
The two lions supporting the entrance’s columns (see photo #1) date from the Roman era, most likely discovered while the foundations were being dug.
Tempio Monumentale (Monumental Temple), consecrated to San Michele, was built in 1923 as memorial for the local soldiers who fell in battle during World War First. The building, which dominates Piazzale N. Brubi, was designed by the architect Domenico Barocco in Romanesque-Gothic reminiscent style.
The temple is situated right behind the public garden.
Modena’s Coat-of-Arms and Motto
“We were too happy to get to Modena.”
— from “Pencillings By The Way: Written During Some Years of Residence and Travel in France, Italy, Greece, Asia Minor, Turkey, and England” 1849 by Nathaniel Parker Willis
Modena’s coat-of-arms is made up of a blue cross on the field of gold, it is often topped by the ducal crown and accompanied by the city’s motto.
The Latin phrase Avia pervia is Modena’s motto. ‘Avia’ means difficult paths; ‘pervia’ means easy to walk. Therefore, the motto’s English translation is “Let difficult paths be made easy to walk.” A simplified translation commonly used is “Let’s make easy the things that are difficult.”
All examples shown here were seen in Palazzo Comunale, the Town Hall, open for visits to the public.
Modena’s Teatro Comunale Luciano Pavarotti
“If children are not introduced to music at an early age, I believe something fundamental is actually being taken from them.”
— Luciano Pavarotti, Modena’s native son (1935-2007)
In 1838, Marquis Ippolito Livizzani, the mayor of Modena called for the construction of a new theater that would replace the old hall on Via Emilia. This theatre, which served the city from 1643 to 1859, had had a rich history of artistic moments but the building was in poor repair.
The new theatre’s design was entrusted to Francis Vandelli, court architect in the service of Duke Francesco IV d’Este. The new theater, today’s Teatro Comunale, opened three years later, on the evening of 2.October.1841.
Occupying 24,757 square feet, the Community Theatre was paid for through the sale of boxes to private buyers, the sale of materials taken from the demolition of existing houses, and finally with a substantial “gift of the prince,” Francesco IV, who ruled the small duchy.
On opening night, the first applause went to the Theatre’s interior designer and painter Francesco Malatesta, his work still decorates the proscenium. For its opening night production the Community Theatre staged Adelaide of Burgundy to the Castle of Canossa, a new opera in three acts composed for the occasion, by Alessandro Gandini, director of Court music, with a libretto by Carlo Malmusi.
Teatro Comunale continued with varying fortunes until the first decade of the 20th century. Because of the Great War and difficulties thereafter, the City was forced to suspend its activities until 1923. The theater enjoyed new adventures until the end of World War II.
The revival of the Teatro Comunale occurred in the 1960s, with the assumption of direct management of the institution by the municipality of Modena, which, in addition to reaffirming and strengthening traditional opera performances, developed and introduced the seasonal theater dedicated to concerts, ballets and plays.
In October 2007 the building was re-named Teatro Comunale Luciano Pavarotti in memory of the great tenor one month after his death.