Similar to Bologna, many of Modena's buildings contain arched porticoes over the pavements. Although not as extensive as Bologna, Modena's porticoes are nevertheless widespread and cover many streets around the historic centre. The most famous among them is that of il Collegio San Carlo, on Via Emilia. Walking around the city, I came across two porticoes where the vaulted ceilings were painted with beautiful, albeit fading, frescoes. They are shown in the attached photos, along with other porticoes.
Palazzo dei Musei
The Palazzo dei Musei is a large complex which is home to Modena's main galleries and museums. The most important attraction here is the Galleria Estense, located on the top floor of the building. Here you can see the impressive art collection of the Este family, which consists of paintings and sculptures dating back to the early Renaissance.
Located on the ground floor is the Biblioteca Estense, where you can see one of the country's most valuable collections of manuscripts, letters and books, including the most decorated Bible in existence, the Bibbio Borso.
Also contained in the Palazzo dei Musei is the Museo Civico Archeologico which has a range of Bronze Age exhibits, and the Museo Lapidario Estense with its displays of medieval stonework.
There are different admission fees for each museum/gallery.
Erected in the 18th century on the site of an older church, la Chiesa di San Giorgio is a fine example of barocco modenese. The small church was designed by the architect Vigarani on a Greek-cross plan topped by an octagonal dome. The façade, however, was designed by a different architect, Antonio Loraghi. La Chiesa di San Giorgio is located steps from il Palazzo Ducale.
La Pietra Ringadora
La Pietra Ringadora (Harangue Stone) is a huge granite stone, presumably once part of the Roman Theatre, used to pillory or flog those who had committed offence against property.
Political leaders used to rule the community from the balcony of the Town Hall tower, or alternatively from the Pietra Ringadora.
Tempio Monumentale rises, grand and imposing, on Piazza Natale Bruni. Near to the train station, if you walk into the Modena’s centro storico, this church will be one of the first sights you see.
The church is the result of Modena’s wish to erect a permanent memorial to its fallen from the First World War. The church, designed by Domenico Modena Barbanti, with the collaboration of Achille Casanova, is dedicated to St. Joseph.
The foundation stone was laid on 8.December.1923, with Vittorio Emanuele III, king of Italy, and Archbishop Natale Bruni, founder and principal benefactor of the temple, present. The Archbishop’s funeral chapel, with a medallion sculpted by Giuseppe Graziosi, is inside on the right of the entrance.
In the crypt, on the pillars and the walls are carved the names of 7,300 fallen Modenese in the Great War.
Hours: Weekday and weekend hours: 6:30 to 12:00 and 15:30 to 19:00; Mass schedule: weekdays 07.30, 18.30; festive 8.30, 11.00 and 18.30 in July and August is not celebrated the festive Mass of the 18:30 and August only the weekday hours of 18:30.