Take the Florentine Walk
Florence is such a walkable city. Starting at the Dome, where one can always call home, as in base, is the best way to begin. Go inside the church, or clime either the dome or the Bell Tower of Giotto. See the Golden Doors of the Baptistry. From there walk to Oransmichele Church, which at one time was a granary. See the statues of significant saints done by Renaissance artists. From there walk to the Piazza della Signora, see the Palazzo Vecchio,and take in where the statue of David use to stand in front of the Medici Palace, find the spot where the monk Savoronala was burned. Take in the statues in front of you that are both gaudy but appealing at the Loggia dei Lanza. "Perseus with the Head of Medusa" is one that was fashioned by Cellini. One cannot miss the statue Hercules and Cacus, and the fountain of Neptune
Walk past the Uffizi to the Arno River. Cross the street, and see the view of the rowers on the Arno, and the shope of the Ponte Vecchio, which use to be apartments. Cross the Ponte Vecchio, and stop and see the statue of Cellini in the middle of the bridge. Crossing the river you can walk straight to Pitti Palace and the Boboli Gardens.
Walk back to the Piazza della Signora and make a right to walk to the Church of Sante Croce. You will know you are there when you see the statue of Dante looming over the square. Make sure to visit inside to see the tombs of Michelangelo, Galileo, Machiavelli, Foscolo, Gentile, Rossini, and Marconi. One never tires of this city. It is a place I visit each time I go to Italy.
Uffizi museum, definitly one...
Uffizi museum, definitly one of the best museums in Italy, there you can find Giotto's paintings, Botticelli's paintings, Carvaggio's exc. in my opinion the only Venere of Botticelli makes this museum a must.
The ticket costs 5 euro and the museum is opened since 9 am to 6 pm.
The Mercato Centrale...including the food market.
Many people who i met had no idea this existed. It's a large arena with fresh fruits veggies and meats. It's such a treat if you are cooking your own meals while you are in Florence. At least walk through to experience the atmosphere if you aren't preparing your own meals.
When you buy wine, a good chianti (chianti wines have the pink ribbon on the neck), look for the black rooster label. .. . i've been told it means that it's a good wine.
However, I have bought 10 - 13 euro bottles of wine to bring back with me to the States, and yet my all time favorite wine is the 1.98 euro (it's probably higher now) bottle at Coop.
A restaurant near Ponte Vecchio.
This is a tiny restaurant that can accomodate nine or ten people. There are some tables in a covered gallery outside though. The ambience is very simple. It is the right place to have a good meal after a visit to Palazzo Pitti, or if you aren' t far from Ponte Vecchio.
At Pino's you can find a good choice of food. Various kinds of pasta and meat are on their menu.
As far as I know this restaurants is opened only for lunch until april. Pasta ai quattro formaggi ( noodles with four cheeses) was very good. Arista (meat) with baked potatoes was very good too.