Catch the number 28 Tram!
A real tourist 'must do' in Lisbon is to take a ride on the Number 28 tram! This cute little yellow tram winds its way up and down Lisbon's hills...it is kind of an 'unofficial touirst tram'.
Travelling from Largo Martim Moniz, it clanks its way up through the Alfama & Graca districts, before crossing through Baixa, climbing back up to Chiado and finishing at Campo Orique. There are numerous stops along the way, and you can ride from beginning to end if you like for the small cost of around 1.20euro per ticket (or use your travel card)
I would highly recommend a fun ride in the number 28. The timetable and stops are outlined on the website - http://www.carris.pt/en/horarios/e028_1.pdf
MIRADOURO DE SAO PEDRO DE ALCANTARA
For a wonderful, panoramic view of Lisbon and St. George's Castle, you must visit MIRADOURO DE SAO PEDRO DE ALCANTARA.
A large azulejos tile map marks the distinctive buildings seen before you.
The lower geometric gardens contains busts of heroes and gods from Greco-Roman mythology. Next to the Garden is Gloria Elevator, a funicular that takes passengers up and down the hill between the center of the city.
Azulejos are the typical portuguese hand painted tiles. The word azulejo derived from the Arabic word Al-Zuleiq, meaning polished stone. These are decorative, hand-painted Arabesque looking wall and floor tiles that were introduced to Portugal by the Moors. Azulejos are almost everywhere, but I loved looking at those down the streets, maybe not as famous and precious as some others but still very very beautiful...
Marchas Populares is an anual party at the night of 12 to 13. Its the most typical Lisbon party.
From 22h to more or less 1h at "Marques de Pombal" passes ppl with tradicional clothes dancing and singing by groups (one of them wins).
Everyone stays awake almost all night, streets get full and its hard to walk (bad day for who doesnt likes confusion, very good day for who likes parties) just by walking on street u find many groups of ppl dancing, concerts of fado etc, they also sell red wine, sangria tradicional bread and sardines everywhere in streets.
Most of Lisbon is quite steep and full of cobbledstone streets. So trolleys don't always work well in the streets. If you come from Europe using a low cost company don't forget that they charge for the luggage you dispatch. So why not try to fit everything in a smaller trolley and bring with you in the plane? Lisbon is warm in summer so no need for heavy clothing. Maximum dimensions are 55x40x20cm.
The rules of Carris, the operator of the Lisbon buses, forbid the entrance of bags superior to 55x40x20cm. I don't think they are very severe with it but it is good to know. The exception is the aerobus that connects the airport to the city centre.
With the new european rules you can't transport liquids in your hand luggage. The liquid must be in a container with a maximum volume of 100ml. All liquid containers should be fitted comfortably into a transparent, re-sealable 1 litre plastic bag, measuring 20cmx20cm (free at the airport). The plastic bag should be presented separately at security. Pack a confortable pair of shoes because Lisbon is steep and full of cobblestone streets. High heel shoes are not the best choice. When the heel is thin it can become stuck between the stones. As someone said, pavement in Lisbon was done by men who hated women. Anything that might ease your walking or after walking will be a great add.
Lisbon can be a bit windy so even in summer bring a jacket. Normally it doesn't rain all that much so a umbrella is not frequently required. The coldest months are December to January (average between 8ºC and 16ºC), the warmest July to September (averages between 17ºC and 28ºC). The rainiest months are November, December and January while the sunniest are June, July and September. It is very rare, really rare to snow in Lisbon (once every 50 years).
It is easy to purchase in Lisbon in the huge malls, in the flea markets, downtown, etc. Clothes are normally cheaper than in most Europe and in January there are significant discounts. Sunglasses and hat might be nice in summer. In Lisbon it is easy to find a pharmacy. Each one has a person with degree in pharmacy and so they can easily advise you. Many supermarkets sell cheaper medicines as long as not subject to medical prescription.
In every trip I like to pack something for diaharrea, colds and aspirins. If you have ear problems or are with a cold take something to eat to the plane (e.g. bread) and nasal spray. Sometimes people develop ear problems with the trip.
Lisbon doesn't have many mosquitos (and none that transmits diseases) however bring a soothing balm and maybe a repellent.
If you are a citizen of the EU you should require the European Card of Health Insurance in your country to access the portuguese health care system. If not try to see if your health insurance has any protocol with clinics in Lisbon.
If you have any allergy or religious restrains don't forget to check how that product is called in portuguese to avoid nasty surprises.
Not always toillets are as clean as they should. Don't forget your camera. Lisbon is famous for its light and from the belvederes you'll have exquisite views over the city. Remember to bring an adaptor if you come from countries with a voltage different from continental Europe. Buying an adaptor might not be very easy. Don't forget the bathing suit and the slippers and also a sunscreen to avoid any sunburn. Always bring the contact of your embassy. If you need anything you should know how to contact them, see a list in http://www.embassyworld.com/embassy/portugal2.htm.
As in any other big city avoid bringing elements that have written "tourist" all over the place. There are pickpockets and you should be aware.
Beware of the most important emergency contact numbers. 112 for emergencies, + 351 213 421 634 is the number of the police station dedicated to assist the tourist and that exists in Palácio Foz in Restauradores Square.
In Lisbon speaking in English is not very difficult. Many people understand and at least people normally do the effort to comprehend and help. Speaking in spanish might not be the best choice. Some people don't like it and you should be aware that although it is easy to understand by many portuguese people, they don't know how to speak properly and get a bit puzzled why would someone foreigner and not a spanish speaker would try to speak to them in this language. So always try english first, even french and only later spanish, except if you're spanish of course. If possible bring a dictionary, especially to understand the menus at the restaurants. Portuguese have many different plates and it might be good to know what you are eating.
A nice touch to bring would be an MP3 player with some fado music or other that you enjoy and hit a belvedere and stay there listening and relaxing to the music. http://www.visitportugal.com/podcast.xml and hostelworld.com offers podcasts of the country.
Portuguese people are quite tolerant in the relations with others. Normally there isn't anyone looking at the dressing code while entering in a church. However in a disco things might be quite different. Difference is tolerated although there might be some looks or comments because people are also quite traditionalist.
If possible try bring some Euros with you. There are many ATM's around the city, probably the highest density in Europe. But you'll never know when your card decides to give problems and you never know how expensive will the exchange/withdraw of money in a foreign country might get. I normally do my exchanges in Nova Cambios in Rossio Square. They don't charge any commission.
About cellular phones there are 3 main networks: TMN, Vodafone and Optimus. They have 3 low costs operators: Uzo, Vodafone Directo and Rede 4. These low costs operators have pre-paid cards with no need of a minimum monthly recharge. There is also a virtual operator called Phone-Ix. You can charge the cards in any ATM machine. You can purchase cheap phones and the cards, for instance, at the post office. There is one at the Lisbon Airport.
In the Airport there is a tourist office. You don't need to pack heavy guide books. There are good maps available and the magazine follow me Lisboa has the main events of the city and informations about the attractions, costs and schedules. You can also find it, before arriving, in the website: http://www.visitlisboa.com/SubToolBar/PUBLICACOES.aspx. Fnac in Lisbon downtown has a huge variety of guidebooks about the city.
You don't need to purchase water or be careful with ice. The tap water is quite good.
If you have a youth card/student card bring it. Also bring an identification document if you are over 65. In many monuments and attractions there are significant discounts.
Citizens of EU, US, Australia, Canada and New Zealand don't need visas. However anti terrorist laws are always changing so you might wanna check.
These are some of the names in portuguese of the products that cause more allergies (milk=leite, strawberry=morango; peanuts = amendoins; shellfish = marisco; coffee = café; nuts = nozes; chocolat = chocolate; cocoa = cacau; yogurt = iogurte; cream = natas; cheese = queijo; egg = ovo; tomato=tomate; porco=pork; cow=vaca/vitela; meat = carne). Lisbon has all sorts of restaurants. So no matter what you like you'll probably find it.
The following website has many informations about laws, habbits and travel informations.