Cristo Redentor, Lisbon
The statue of christ (Cristo Redentor) in Almada, Lisbon is visible from long distance. It is formed as a gate with a 28 meter tall statue standing on a 75 meter tall base construction. The monument was build in 1959, and was inspired by the Christ the Redeemer statue in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
Baixa Pombalina (City Center)
After the earthquake of 1755, Marquês de Pombal designs and projects the "new" Lisbon in an effort to rebuild the destroyed city. This area of the city is his work, thus the name Pombalina. Straight and wide streets cross between themselves in a geometric way. These small streets were named according to the shopkeepers and craftsmen who traded in the area.
In this area many interesting monuments and structures can be found. The Terreiro do Paço, Rossio, Praça da Figueira and Praça dos Restauradores are the main squares in this area.. and they can be explored easily one after another just by walking.
Some say that Terreiro do Paço or Praça do Comércio is the most imponent square of Europe. The british call it the “Black Horse Square”. The Royal Palace stood here for 200 years before it was destroyed by the earthquake. When the square was rebuilt turned to be the port of entry for Kings and Presidents. This is the place to start a visit to the Baixa Pombalina After a long stay far from Lisbon I always do the same whenever I come back: a walk in the afternoon from Terreiro do Paço to Rossio with a stop for a beer or a coffee in one of the cafes in Rua Augusta, the main street.... and if it's sunny it's just perfect.
Alfonso de Albuquerque Park
Just across the avenue from the Jeronimos Monastary is a quiet park named in honor of Alfonso de Albuquerque (you can read more about him at the links I have added.
It is a good place to rest your feet after touring the Monastary and if the ice-cream man is there, try the passion fruit glace. http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/13157/Afonso-de-Albuquerque-the-Great
Feira do Livro: The annual book fair
Every year, around April and May, the Feira do Livro (Book Fair) is held at the Parque Eduardo VII. The national association of publishers and bookshops organize this 2 to 3-week long affair, with dozens of stalls selling new books by Portuguese authors, translated books, fiction, non-fiction, academic publications, reference books, old and collectibles, as well as second hand books, and an entire array of institutional publications. It is a great opportunity for smaller publishers to introduce their books to the public, and for lesser known authors to have their works advertised. Of course there are also the usual commercial books which are easily found in all bookstores.
All of these are sold with a significant discount, an average of at least 20 percent from the usual store price. Day specials and promotions are common, sometimes with books selling at just 50-60 percent of the usual price.
A range of activities in the fair include publishers featuring authors, especially of new books, where you can just sit down and have a chat with him or her, and perhaps have your book autographed. A major section is children's books, with accompanying activities for kids. A few food stalls are also to be found in some areas, so you can buy something and munch your way through the myriad book choices.
This year was the 80th annual fair, and while it is still going strong, we noticed that there are much less stalls than there were say, 5 years ago. Either book reading has finally taken a beating in the age of internet (or people read just the same but electronically, which is then all right), or the economic crisis has taken its toll on the local publishers. Either way, it was quite a sad sight to see the park only about three-fifths full with stalls.
From the coast to the...
From the coast to the interior, the sea to the hills and rolling
plains of Setúbal, one can find a series of naturally enchanting
values, both socio-economic and cultural; a diversity of which is
difficult to find elsewhere.
The need to conserve nature, landscape, heritage in harmony with
the growing needs of a nounshing population has recently been
responsible for the establishing of protected areas, one National
Park, two Natural Reserves and an area of Protected landscape.
The idea is to establish a closer contact between man and nature,
keeping alive traditional activities and resources to provide for
THE ARRÁBIDA'S NATURAL PARK (Guided Tour)
Along the coast between Setúbal and
Sesimbra, the Serra da Arrabida stretches
up. These chalky hills have the only
surviving example of primitive
Mediterranean vegetation. Tucked away in
the heart of Arrábida's Natural Park, the
formation goes back 180 million years. The
soil and mild climatic features, considered
the best in Portugal, have produced a lush
vegetation rich in species.
The Arrábida Natural Park was formed in
1976 and covers an area of 10,800 hectares.
Setúbal, Palmela, Azeitão, Sesimbra and the
sea make up its boundaries. The countryside
is hilly and we can find the Serra dos
Gaiteiros, S. Luís, S. Francisco, Louro,
Risco along with the highest hills, the
Serra da Arrábida which stands at 499
metres high. This ends abruptly and cuts into the sea, providing a
scene of picturesque beauty with the lush green vegetation and the
chalk white face of the cliffs, such beauty which inspired poets
like Sebastião da Gama.
On the coast, between the sandy beaches and clear
water, up above, breeding grounds for birds of
prey abound and one can also find a typical
maritime flora which extends as far as the Serra
do Risco, the highest coastal point of
continental Portugal (300 metres above
sea-level). In Creiro, around the Pedra da
Anicha, an island traced above the sea leads us
to the only zoological reserve of the Natural
Park, named so because of the value of underwater plant species
NATURAL RESERVE OF THE SADO ESTUARY
To the south of the Setúbal peninsula, the
Sado Estuary twists to through diversified
countryside. Huge rural properties
connected to agriculture and forestries,
areas rich in fish and sea-food, salt pans,
urban occupation, buildings of great
architectural and historical value as well
as dunes, marshes and areas rich in rushes.
The Natural Reserve of the Sado Estuary,
created in 1989 covers an enormous area of
23,160 hectares. It was created to conserve
nature and preserve values found in and around this magnificent