Despite the widespread evidence of human settlement stretching back almost to the beginning of times, the history of Torres Vedras really began when King D. Afonso Henriques drove out the moors during the 12th century. His mark was left in the various relics and treasures found in the area.
The city was also the stage of many historical scenes. D. João I met with his council here in 1413 to plan the expedition to Ceuta (the start of the Portuguese maritime expansion). But bigger events were yet to come. It was near here that Napoleon's army was defeated in the battles of Roliça and Vimeiro, mostly because of the strategic lines of defence, known as the Lines of Torres Vedras The Museum's room dedicated to the Lines of Torres Vedras is absolutely fantastic.