Alba Iulia-Tourist attractions
We have so many things to visit in Alba Iulia and so little people know about this Transylvania town! Maybe because it is my hometown and a place I love, but I can say it is a great place to visit. It does not take much to see the most important objectives but I can say it is worthwhile.Everywher you go you can find something linked to a history event and some of the greatest in Romanian and European history. The historic part of the town is a combination of times and events starting from the Roman Empire domination and to the Unification of the Romanian regions.
Some of the events that took place here are written in the history books and Alba Iulia is treated as a very important place.
In the last years the locat authorities contributes a lot to the change of the town. if During the communist era all te hisorical buildings and places were treated with indifference and let to fall, now everything changed. A usual day here, if you come as a tourist, can be very attractive.
"The Vauban Bastionary Fortress"
Built by the Austrian Empire, the fortress is in a Vauban Style. It is very similar to other French fortresses built by Vauban himself. It was built on the ruins of the Roman constructions, that is why the combination between the two is obvious.
It has several palaces inside the walls, a minting factory ruins, the gate of the Roman castrum,the Camponiere-guard house, several anti mine tunnels etc. Here are some more information about it
You can also visit the National History Museum, The Unification Cathedral, The itinerary of the Three fortifications, in the town.
Around Alba Iulia there are many places, historic ones but also some of geograhic and travel interests, because the town is situated between sime mountains, so if you come in winter you can go skying (Arieseni and Sugag), if you come in summer you can find thermal baths, hiking paths and mountain attractions.
Alba Iulia (Hungarian: Gyulafehérvár, German: Karlsburg/Weißenburg, Latin: Apulum) is a city in Alba County, Transylvania, Romania with a population of 66,369, located on the Mureş River. The city is historically important for both Hungarians and Romanians.
In the 9th century,the city was mentioned under the name of Bălgrad ("White Citadel"). Following the establishment of the Catholic Transylvanian episcopacy after Stephen I of Hungary adopted Catholicism, the first cathedral was built in the 11th century. The present (Catholic) cathedral was built in the 12th or 13th centuries. In 1442, John Hunyadi, Voivod of Transylvania, used the citadel to make his preparations for a major battle against the Ottoman Turks. The cathedral was enlarged during his reign and served as his place of entombment after his death.
As Gyulafehérvár, Alba Iulia became the capital of the Principality of Transylvania in 1541, a status it was to retain until 1690. The Treaty of Weissenburg was signed in the town in 1551. It was during the reign of Prince Gabriel Bethlen that the city reached a high point in its cultural history, with the establishment of an academy. Further important milestones in the city's development include the creation of the Batthyanaeum Library in the 18th century, and the arrival of the railway in the 19th century.
"detail of the catholic cathedral"
The main historical area of Alba Iulia is the upper city, developed extensively by Charles VI of the Holy Roman Empire. The Habsburgs renamed the city Karlsburg in honor of Charles. The upper city's fortress with seven bastions, in a stelar shape, was constructed between 1716–1735 by Giovanni Morando Visconti, using the Vauban system—the largest of this kind in South-eastern Europe. Inside the fortress is the Gothic Catholic cathedral (the most representative building for the Medieval Gothic style in Transylvania), and the Batthyaneum, a library of rare manuscripts founded in 1794. The tomb of John Hunyadi is located in the cathedral, as is that of the Polish-born Isabella Jagiełło, Queen of Hungary.
Citadels, tunnels and cathedrals
"I love this town"
Alba is one of the best preserved historical cities of Romania - along with Sighisoara or Brasov. The advantage is that it's not discovered yet by the larger masses of tourists .. although the signs are also showing that it's a matter of 2-3 years
The legend of Alba Iulia
"The story of the giant and his daughter"
Alba Iulia means White Julia. Of course i asked why it was called Alba Iulia. Apparently there is no very good explanation (maybe i should dig deeper) but there is a legend. The legend of the giant and his daughther
Apparently the giant and his daughter were heading through the mountains when they were caught up in a very thick fog. They lost each other. The giant called his daughter: Iulia Iulia. The daughter called her father Balb. But due to the echo the people that where also caught in the mist heard her father call her Iulia. And when she called her dad, they heard B Albb Albb alba alba.. They decided to call their settlement Alba Iulia.