The symbol of USSR and of Russia. The place that every tourist visits when he/she is in Moscow. If you're in Moscow and haven't a photo of Red Square, nobody will believe, you've been to Moscow :-)) The place of military parades and demonstrations in USSR times. Now it's rather touristic place, even LENIN letters disappered from Mausoleum. In the roof of buildings and Kremlin tower are eagles instead of red stars. In the right side of the photo you see historical museum. ENJOY! :-)
Marble, gilt, chandeliers, mosaics, bronze sculptures - the Moscow Metro really does bring a grandiose touch to the everyday routine of catching a train around the city. Not all the stations are elaborate, but some are truly "palaces for the people". The themes are generally historical or an idealized depiction of Socialist life. Visiting all of them could consume a great part of the time you have in Moscow. Life-size bronze sculptures of the heroic proletariat line the main hall and escalators of the Ploshchad Revoluyutsii (Revolution Square) and glorify the the lives, work and heroism of the ordinary men and women of the Russian Revolution. It is an extraordinary body of work, well worth a good look.
There are 10 monasteries and convents in Mocow. Most of them were founded in the period from 1330 till 1400 in favour of victory in Kulikovo battle. Donskoy monastery is much younger. It was founded in 1591.
As it is situated in an industrial area it is not as popular for tourists to visit, though it is very interesting.
Kilometre Zero - Make a wish
In front of of the Resurrection gate, which is the northern entrance to Red Square, the Kilometre Zero marker is set into the ground.
All distances within Moscow and Russia are measured from this point. Tourists usually have their photo taken here, while throwing some coins over the shoulder and making a wish.
The interesting thing about this is, that there are always some poor or homeless local people around who immediately pick up the money.
Lost in abbreviations
Abbreviations, the pest of the 20th century, can make any Russian confused, let alone an unsuspicious guest of the country.
For example, GAZ which may soon snap a chunk of your General Motors has little to do with Gazprom and its gas. GAZ (Gorkovsky Avtomobilny Zavod) stands for the Gorky automobile factory since 1932 and has acquired a neighbour and rival in AvtoVAZ (Volzhsky Avtomobilny Zavod) since 1970.
Both are located on the Volga River, but contrary to any logic it was GAZ in Nizhny Novgorod that had developed the Volga make, while VAZ makes what you know as Lada. The original name ‘Zhiguli’ which was deemed to complicated for the ears of foreign buyers, refers to the hills on the river’s right bank. It now is more often associated with the local beer brand. By the way, ‘Lada’ is ‘sweetheart’ in Old Russian – did you know that?
One may expect that MAZ is an automobile factory in Moscow, but this is not so, it is in Minsk, Belarus, they make heavy-duty lorries there. I am not an expert in commercial vehicles, but Belarusian dairy products are really good.
AZLK in Moscow (Avtomobilny Zavod Leninskogo Komsomola) – Automobile factory named after the Young Communist League, named, in its turn, after Vladimir Ilyich Lenin – that’s tough, folks! - makes, unless it files for bankruptcy in the nearest future, Moskvich (Muscovite) cars since 1930. That is, Moskvich is a he-Muscovite, while Moskvichka (she-Muscovite) is a network of shopping-centres – typical male chauvinism!
The other automobile factory in Moscow and the oldest in the country, as far as I know, is ZIL (Zavod imeni Likhacheva) – The Factory named after Ivan Likhachev, its first director. Yes, it’s the one that used to make Politbureau limousines, but also fridges for ordinary folks – my grandparents had one.
Will try to find more photos, too.
Zil photo - http://www.amo-zil.ru/company/history.htm