Rising from the banks of the River Ebro as it passes through Zaragoza is the Basilica of Our Lady of the Pillar, a jewel of Aragonese Baroque art. The Temple houses the image of the Virgin of the Pillar. This was in fact the first church dedicated to the Virgin Mary in Christendom. For this reason, Zaragoza and Santiago de Compostela form the two fundamental pivots around which the spirituality of Spain revolves.
The image of the Virgin of the Pillar was a focus of an ancient devotion which dates back to Apostolic times. According to the tradition, the Virgin Mary came to Zaragoza to console and encourage St. James the Apostle who was preaching the Gospel there. The Virgin left the Apostle a column or pillar around which the first chapel was built.
"The Aljaferia Palace"
The Aljaferia was declared a National Monument of Historical and Artistic Interest on the 4th of June, 1931. It is an extraordinary historical and artistic complex, or if one prefers, an accumulation of buildings which have been superimposed over time. since 1947, it undertook a slow and thorough recovery task by architects Francisco Iñiguez Almech, Peropadre Muniesa, Luis Franco Lahoz and Mariano Peman Gavin.