In the plains, a t
Llucmajor shares borders with Palma, Algaida, Montuïri, Porreres, Campos and the sea.
The municipality has a wide variety of remarkable landscapes which contrast mountainous areas, such as the Randa massif, with impressive coastal cliffs, beaches, the municipality's many torrents and the plain on which the village of Llucmajor is located.
Work on the village's original layout, still preserved today in its old quarter, began in 1300 and was based on a geometric plan in the shape of a draughtsboard.
Half a century later, the municipality's rural area would witness the Battle of Llucmajor (1349) between Pedro IV of Aragon and Jaime III of Mallorca for domination of the island. The monarch from the mainland won the battle and the island king would die in it.
The Middle Ages was marked by epidemics, starvation, banditry and social tensions which led to uprisings in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries.
For centuries, municipal merchants sold shoes made by Llucmajorer artisans to Spanish colonies such as Cuba and the Philippines. After the colonies were lost in 1898, the municipality's footwear industry would enter a period of crisis, which would be overcome by exportation during the two world wars that scarred the twentieth century.
Llucmajor was designated a City in 1916 by King Alfonso XIII. Shortly afterwards, the train (which would halt operations many years later) arrived in the municipality as a stop on the Palma-Santanyí line. In the mid-twentieth century, the tourism boom began to monopolise Llucmajor's economy.
RAMON LLULL AND THE RANDA MASSIF
The sanctuary of the Mare de Déu de Cura rests on its summit of the Randa massif, part of the municipality's mountainous terrain. The medieval philosopher Ramon Llull retired to meditate there before penning his work 'Ars Magna'. According to popular legend, the Catalan writer received divine revelation to write this religious text in the building that today houses a museum.
"Ars & Culture"
The many vestiges of the talayotic period make Llucmajor an especially interesting place to visit for lovers of prehistoric history. The talayot of Capocorb Vell is the most famous of all the island's archaeological sites, not only because it was one of the first to be excavated, but also because of its carefully preserved state of conservation.
The square lay-out of the village of Llucmajor originated in the fourteenth century. The many stone façades adorned with curious door-knockers that can be found on its narrow streets imbue visitors with a medieval feeling.
Nevertheless, the most interesting examples of Llucmajor's cultural legacy are two religious buildings: the parish church of Sant Miquel, which was built between 1781 and 1853, and the convent of Sant Bonaventura, which dates from the seventeenth century. There are also several Neo-Classic and Modernist buildings around Plaza de España: the Town Hall (1882) and old Marketplace building (1915), today a fish market, are some examples.
The Sanctuary of the Mare de Déu de Gràcia was founded at the foot of Sa Falconera in the Randa massif at the end of the fifteenth century. Built as a small hermitage in 1449, it was replaced by a larger church in the eighteenth century.
There are several watchtowers in the municipality of Llucmajor ' at Cala Pi, S'Estalella and Cap Blanc-, vestiges of a defence system which was established all throughout Mallorca, in response to pirate and corsair raids in the sixteenth century.
Inland, remains of a large mill that existed in the area can also be seen; Molí dén Gaspar, now restored, attests to its presence.
Festivals and popular traditions
Winter fiestas begin in Llucmajor with the fiesta of Sant Antoni, patron saint of animals. Bonfires are lit in the village streets, around which villagers roast different kinds of pork sausages, sing songs and play the ximbomba, a primitive rhythm instrument. Musical parades accompanied by cabezudos, giants with typically large heads, parade through the streets in S'Arenal and in S'Estanyol and there are performances of ball d'aferrat, a typical folk dance. Animals are traditionally given a blessing the following day in front of a statue of the saint.
During the second week in August, Llucmajor celebrates the fiestas of Santa Cándida, the most important of the numerous summer celebrations that take place in the municipality. The religious acts in honour of this saint combine cultural events, concerts and folk dance performances. The lively musical parade through the streets led by giants with typically large heads (gigantes y cabezudos) accompanied by the municipal band is of particular interest.
In Llucmajor, the autumn fiesta cycle, one of the island's most popular, begins on September 29, Saint Miquel's day, with the first Fira de Tardor (Autumn Fair). A wide variety of products can be found on the second and third fair days, which take place on the two following Sundays. Gastronomy week, a handicrafts and industrial products exhibition, country fair and cattle competition are some of the events which make up the celebration.