Cuadratura círculoSquare to Round
Unos de los problema arquitectónicos que se presentaron en el Románico , fue el paso de la planta cuadrada al círculo de la bóveda y lo resolvieron utilizando la "pechina" que permite pasar primero de la sección cuadrada a la octogonal para posteriormente pasar a la circular de la bóveda
One of the architectural problems that they had with the Romanesque it was how to change from the square base to the round base of the vault and they solved it , using the "pechina" that passes first from the square section to the eight sides and later to the circular of the vault
Canal de Castilla
Everybody can an easy and nice walk along the Castile Canal.I mean,in Palencia town.The starting point is very close to dowtown,1 km.away from Plaza Mayor.This canal corner is called La Dársena.
The canal is 207 kms.long with a the differences of level of 150 meter.It was the most important civil engineering work in Europe in the XVIII Century.It was very used by the years 60 of XIX Century,when many barges (up to 400) went over the canal.At the beginning were used men or mules to tug the barges. It had many mills also ,because in Castile there are many wheat fields. When a railways line was established its importance decreased dramatically.Today is used for watering only.
Támara tuvo gran importancia en la época medieval ya que en el siglo XII y XIII es cabecera de comarca de las "Nueve Villas de Campos" y en él se desarrolla la batalla de Támara entre el leones Bermudo III y el castellano Fernando I y es cuando se logra la primera unión de Castilla León ( junio de 1038).
Llama la atención la iglesia de San Hipólito que se dice fue de los templarios , con su púlpito , verja ,el órgano , los relieves ...en fin que parece una catedral , pero tendremos que volver pues están restaurándola
También hay una pequeña iglesia románica que se ha convertido en museo
Támara it was really important in the medieval days as in the XII and XIII centuries was the head of the "Nueve Villas de Campoo" region and on this area took place the Tamara batle between Bermudo III from León and Fernando I from Castilla and it is when it was made the first union of Castilla León ( June 1038 )
It pays your attention San Hipólito church that is said that it belonged to the Temple , with its pulpit , the iron gate , the organ , the relieves ... that looks a cathedral , but we must come back as it is in restoration
There is also an small Romanesque church that has become a museum
Carrión de los Condes-Monasterio San Zoilo
Es un convento regido actualmente por los padres benedictinos , que tiene un claustro gótico con medallones renacentistas
También se puede visitar la iglesia donde se encuentran las tumbas de los infantes de Carrión, que supuestamente se casaron con las hijas del Cid
It is a convent managed by the Benedictines fathers , that has a Gothic cloister with renascence medallions
You may also visit the church where are the tombs of the Carrión Infants that is supposed that they were married with the Cid daughters
Palencia, the unknown beauty
"The cathedral of Palencia"
The cathedral is called 'The unknown beauty' because it is not as famous as other Spanish cathedrals but it is really as beauty as the others. The cathedral was built by the king Sancho III el Mayor, and the legend says that when he was trying to hunt a wild boar, his arm was paralyzed and couldn't move it. Due to this he promised God to build a cathedral there if he could recovered his arm, this happened and consequently the king order the construction of the cathedral dedicated to Sain Antolin, who in fact, has a statue in the cript.
The cathedral has very beautiful stained-glass windows and different places, but the most famous piece is the altarpiece located in the center of the cathedral.
"Monument dedicated to the first Spanish university"
The bishop Tello Téllez de Meneses, with the help of the king Alfonso VIII, built the first university in Spain in the 13th century. Though it does not exist any longer, the people of Palencia erected this monument to the first Spanish university. Now the University of Palencia is mixed with the Vallodolid university.
Palencia is also famous because the first Spanish townhall was created here. In front of it there is a statute of Berruguete, a Palentinian sculptor, made by Victorio Macho. As I went to Palencia 2 weeks before Christmas, the Plaza Mayor, where the townhall is located, the lights iluminated the whole Plaza while they played typical Spanish Christmas songs.