History of Gothenburg
Gothenburg was founded in 1621 by the Swedish king Gustaf II Adolf. It was then surrounded by Danish and Norwegian land areas, and was from the start an important area for Sweden with the possibilities to Swedish harbours and the trade that could be built from here.
The city was actually founded first already in 1603, by the then Swedish king Karl IX, but the Danish bastards burnt it down, so well that it was not until in the 1900s that they found some proof of the city.
When they rebuilt the city in 1621 they got a lot of help and inspiration from Holland, which is why the canales have a dutch touch in the design. Also the fortress, Älvsborgs fästning, was built with help from the Dutch. With a huge harbour in the city the international shipping was the most important thing, and there were a lot of seamen from all over Europé. Actually both english, dutch and german were seen as official languages together with swedish at that time.
British fashion soon became fashion also in Gothenburg, and the city is even today also known as ”Little London”.
Today there is a statue of the city founder, seen at "Gustaf Adolfs torg" in the center. He's pointing, and according to the legend says "here will we build the city".
Gothenburg is the second biggest city in Sweden, with about 880 000 inhabitants with the suburbs included. It's the fifth biggest city in the Nordic countries, no matter if one counts the suburbs or not. The city hosts wellknown companies like Volvo and SKF.
Late in the 1900s the shipyard industri went down, and with that also a lot of shipyard workers lost their jobs. Gothenburg has since then changed more into a city of events, with sport events and trade fairs as the most popular.
Gothenburg has hosted both the World Cup and European championships in football, as well as World- and European championships in Atletics, World Championship in ice hockey and handball. Every year there are also a lot of exhibitions at Svenska Mässan.