Oil Changes Made Easy, part 1
1. Consider (not required) turning the wheels to the left to allow better access to the oil plug. Open the hood/bonnet. (You don't want to drain the oil and later find that your hood/bonnet release is broken and you cannot fill the car with oil!) Position drain pan under oil plug. Note that oil shoots approximately 6 inches (15 cm) rearward so take into account the distance when placing the drain pan on the floor. The drain plug is arms length from the right side of the car about level with the front edge of the tire. It faces backwards.
(see photos: oil drain is toward the right, the photo is taken from just in front of the right tire, right being when sitting in the car).
CLICK ON PHOTO TO SEE A LARGER VERSION. Note for critics: this is a general tip suitable for virtualtourist.com. If you don't change the oil, the car will die and you won't be able to go anywhere in the car...that's travel related!
It is my impression that Swedish people are modest and do not like to brag. It is my impression that they consider it better to win a million dollars than to make a million dollars. I could be wrong as I am not Swedish.
Factory tour description
Notes taken at or immediate after the tour.
1. To the side of the Visitor’s Center is the Old Office Building which dates to the late 1930’s. It is the site of offices recently moved to this building.
2. Riding the tram and to the rear of the Visitor’s Center is the New Office Building.
3. On the north-south main factory road within the gate and traveling north is the recycling center building, 45% of steel used is wasted but is eventually recycled.
4. Also on the left is the Body Shop. There is an overhead passageway to the Paint Shop. The Paint Shop is an approximately 6 story building (per tour guide). No tours are given because of the dust free climate control of the paint shop.
5. The tram enters the Body Shop on the north side (building is oriented north-south). Here one can see rolls of brushed metal finish steel, approximately 5 feet in diameter, 23-26 tons in weight. The guide explains that the workers on the Body Shop has more experienced workers and more men compared with the Final Assembly Line, which has 20% women.
6. 38 years is the average age of the workers. Workers tend to be male and older in the body shop (stamping body parts) compared to the final assembly area.
7. 50 cars per hour car assembled
8. 2 shifts per day, 500 cars/day assembled
9. The steel is pressed into parts. 1000 of each part is produced followed by 10 minutes to change the dies. On the morning of Monday, May 9th, 2005, 9-3 doors were being produced. In the Body Shop, there are stampings of parts, such as the side and the doors (seen on the tour). 1000 copies of a part are stamped before the dies are changed. The 1000 pieces last 2-3 days. The doors, for example, are stored on a storage cart (with wheels) with the pieces close together, but not stacked or touching each other.
10. Robots are used; seen welding the side of the car. Some stampings of the side of the 9-3 Sport Combi seen. In late June, the factory was closed to tours and reportedly were producing the Cadillac BTS and may have had some prototype 9-5’s.
11. Car bodies being welded were seen.
12. Overhead walkway seen. Car bodies were transported up to the paint shop.
13. No workers were seen smoking, unlike in US plants where smoking is allowed. One black man was seen. Two children were also seen, one joking around.
14. The final assembly building is approximately 1 km long and 400 meters wide. The tram drove in a row then turned back on a parallel row. There were approximately 6 rows in the building. It did not go in chronological order of manufacturing (skipped rows and started near the end of assembly).
15. The final assembly production line builds both 9-5 and 9-3 on the same line.
16. Initially orange robots weld pieces together. Later smaller parts are added, which have to be done by hand, not robots.
17. I believe the cars are then painted. They are painted with the doors, then the doors are removed. The hoods already have the emblem on them. I believe that the cars, at this stage, have just arrived from the overhead conveyor belt from the paint shop.
18. The installation of the rubber seals of the trunk were observed. I believe the dashboards are placed before the marriage of the engine and body. The 9-5 dashboards are assembled there but the 9-3 dashboards are brought in.
19. Later, the bumpers are put in place. The guide mentions that the orange markers in the front bumpers of the 9-3 are specific for US market cars (not mentioned is that they are fitted in Canadian market cars). A right hand drive 9-3 was seen in production
20. The doors are later installed.
21. The cars are rotated on their sides so that it is easier for workers to assemble parts on the underside of the car.
22. The engine is placed in the car. The car is lifted upward and joined with the engine.
23. The line is constantly moving at a slow pace.
24. The tour of the assembly line was shown somewhat backwards and not in the exact order of production.
25. A machine with the URL cinetic-industries.com was seen