Take a look at Trafalgar...
Take a look at Trafalgar Square. The guy standing ontop of the large column in center of the square is Admeral Lord Nelson. He's Looking out Towards Trafalgar where he helped defeat Napoleon with one arm and one eye. The metal releifs on the column are made from the melted down cannons of Napoleon. There is also large lions guarding the square. Take a look at the lions paws when your there; the artist never seeing a lion before used his dog as a model: dosen't the paws look like dog paws!
The best introduction
Visit the Museum of London for a fascinating introduction to the city's history. Find out about the city from prehistoric times, with lots of fascinating exhibits and reconstructions. View remnants of the city walls from the museum's windows; listen to oral history; walk through a Victorian street. The perfect way to start getting to know this amazing place!
The Blue Guide to Architecture in Britain calls this the "symbolic centre of the City of London." It was designed by architect Sir William Tite between 1841 and 1844, and opened officially by Queen Victoria. Originally a stock exchange, the building now houses an array of luxury shops. This is certainly a major center of the capitalist world - and when you stand at the intersection of Cornhill, Threadneedle, and Poultry Streets, you are also at the intersection of much of London's History!
Marching Band in Belgravia
Like I said, in London, you never know when you are going to stumble across a parade, festival, or other procession. Now, I am quite used to processions in San Francisco, but they are of a different breed in my home town. In SF, our processions are usually protests against some evil act of a government (any government - we don't discriminate). The Londoners seemed to us to be much more refined. Their processions were people on horses in their finest uniforms, or like this one, bagpipers in their kilts displaying their excellent musical and marching talents.
Bandaids, umbrellas, bags, etc.
Bring a day pack. Something relatively small, preferably that goes over your head and one shoulder (not a purse...). I brought a smallish old navy messenger bag, and it's worked quite well. I was told (by an Englishman) to bring an umbrella... and although it has drizzled a bit, I haven't used it yet..... Bring lots and lots of bandaids. Even if you plan on using public transportation most of the time, your feet will go through some wear and tear, especially if you are not used to walking a lot. I brought my camera, and 17 rolls of film..... but my camera is now waterlogged, and I have no camera..... So, I suppose my best suggestion would be to bring a ziploc to carry your camera in (if you want something very light), but a small camera bag if you prefer. Ziploc Bags. Ziploc bags are wonderful. They are lightweight, and you can put a lot in them..... souvenir train tickets, brochures, etc. or toiletries. or makeup. or keep your soap in a ziploc, so you don't get soap on everything. Also, I suggest bringing wipies. The kind you can buy in a package of 80 at wal mart for about $1.20. That anti-germ gel stuff is probably a bit lighter to lug around, but wipies can double as napkins, and can clean bird poop off a bench, etc. And, you can put two or three wipies in a ziploc to take around with you in your smallish bag. Trust me.... after a ride on the tube holding onto a sticky hand rail, you are going to want a wipie.