Churches - St. Michael's, Spurriergate
Neat! The "Spurriergate Centre" is a meeting place bookstore culture center cafe gallery happening in the heart of old York. Oh, and Fair Trade coffee, too. All in a 12th century church.
St. Michael's is at the corner of Coney Street and Low Ousegate.
Here is a photo of my friend...
Here is a photo of my friend Monica - she has a small obsession with the red phone boxes. This one had a very picturesque back drop, I'll have to admit! I think we did actually phone home from there as well!
Prepare for the Artic circle
Bring everything you have got, you are going to need it.
Throw in a duvet as well. Yes, for frostbite. A warm camera helps, it will prevent your finger from freezing onto the shutter button. Beach gear only if you are STUPID! A VT meeting in York in January seemed like a good idea at the time.
The monks elected Prior Richard abbot, but by 1133 they were forced to look for outside help in order to survive. They turned, naturally enough, to the source of their inspiration, the Cistercian Order, and specifically, to Bernard of Clairvaux. in 1135, the abbey was admitted to the Order, and eventually gained the patronage of wealthy nobles in the area. It grew from an impoverished community, to one of the wealthiest houses in England.
The introduction of the Cistercian conversi , or lay brothers, enabled the monastery to develop its herds of sheep and holdings beyond what the monks could manage. The lay brothers were people from lower classes who wished to participate in monastic life, but who were illiterate, and so could not participate in the Cistercian liturgy. They separated from the monks in the choir by a screen, and had separate quarters in the monastery.
The lay brothers were also able to manage fields and herds at a great distance from the abbey, which the monks themselves were unable to work because of the prohibition against traveling further from the monastery than one could return in a day in the Rule of Benedict. The lay brothers developed the holdings of Fountains to the point where buyers for the wool they produced came from Flanders and as far away as Italy. The Abbey also mined lead and quarried stone, raised horses and cattle, and worked in iron.
Scarborough Castle - On our...
Scarborough Castle - On our journey back home we decided to visit the seaside town of Scarborough. Scarborough is your typical British seaside town with everything from donkeys, kiss me quick hats, fish and chips and rock (sticks of candy). We visited Scarborough castle perched high above the town. It is run by English Heritage and is definitely worth a visit. The views looking down on the town are breathtaking. You do have to pay an entrance fee of #2.80 GBP per adult but included in the cost is a free audio tour in your desired language. If you are visiting in the autumn, winter or even spring please bring a coat or jumper. The wind off the sea makes the walk round the castle not particularly pleasant. Also bring an umbrella if it looks like rain as this is a ruined castle so there is nowhere to go inside if it rains. Be warned if you are less mobile don't bother visiting the castle. The walk up to the castle is along steep roads and even steeper steps. By the time we got to the top we could hardly breathe.