The Shrine of the Book
The Shrine of the Book is part of the Israel Museum and it is the home of some exceptional archaeological finds, such as the Dead Sea Scrolls and other rare ancient manuscripts with totally awesome stories, if you know how to read them. The dome covers a funky structure which is two-thirds below the ground, and is reflected in a pool of water that surrounds it (this looks pretty cool).
Go Visit the Israeli...
Go Visit the Israeli Night-Life in our famous Clubs, such as 'Haoman 17' in Talpiot in Jerusalem, or 'Ha Campus' (which means the Campus). Don't go to the Underground (altohught you might have heard cool stories about it). It's a horibble place. Stuffed and disgusting.
On Rainfall and Sunshine
The climate of Jerusalem is unique. Maybe we knew it intuitively, but now there is scientific data to back up it up. There are two sources of natural energy in the world – sun and water – but these resources are doled out in different quantities. Some countries get too much sun and some get too much rain. Where rainfall is abundant, there are generally fewer hours of sun, as in the tropics. On the other hand, when solar radiation is abundant, rainfall tends to be scarce, as in subtropical deserts.
According to a professor of geophysics and planetary sciences at Tel Aviv University, P. Alpert, who did a comparative study of sunshine and rainfall around the world, Jerusalem has both plentiful solar radiation and enough rainfall to keep it from falling into the desert or semi-arid category.
Jerusalem, believe it or not, gets the same amount of rain as London, but twice as much sun. Jerusalem sits on a mountain (769 m high), but it also borders on the desert. The Judean Desert receives about 100 mm of annual rainfall, whereas Jerusalem itself receives an average of 492 mm annually. At the same time, Jerusalem enjoys an average of 9 hours of sunshine a day. The big difference is that London can be dreary and drizzly all year around. In Jerusalem, the rains are limited to a few months. Theoretically, the rainy season begins in September-October, although sometimes it rains once and then stops until mid-November-December. The first rain of the year has a special name in Israel – the “yoreh.” Prayers for rain, called “tefilat hageshem” are recited in the synagogue beginning on Simhat Torah, as the autumn holidays come to an end.
From that moment on, the rainfall countdown begins. Water is a scarce resource in Israel, and every drop counts. When it does rain, it tends to come down in buckets. But it doesn’t last for long. The water may turn the streets into raging rivers but have no fear: The sun is always close at hand, ready to break through the clouds and shine once again on the city of Jerusalem.
City of David - Hezekiah's Tunnel
If you're young or young in spirit [and you have gold in your heart and not betwen your teeth] - enrich your Jerusalem's experience with BIBLICAL HEZEKIAH's TUNNEL.
The City of David became a central and well-protected city at 19th century BCE. The first reason why this location was chosen is its proximity to GIHON SPRING. WATER, the source of life, was a crucial issue in this area, at the edge of the desert.
In the Canaanite period [18th century BCE] an underground tunnel was hewn serving as a protected passageway to the spring. The upper part of the water system was discovered by Charles Warren in 1867, and was cleared by archaeologists in 1995.
In the year 701 BCE Assyrian King Sanheriv rose up and laid siege to Jerusalem. As part of the preparation to defend Jerusalem from the siege, Hezekiah the king of Judea diverted the water from the Gihon to a pool betwwen the walls of the southern end of the city. [Chronicles 2, 32:30].
The diversion was accomplished by hewing a tunnel 533 meters in length. An inscription in ancient Hebrew writing, discovered in 1880, describes that the tunnel was hewn from two directions simultaneously. The joy of the diggers while meeting of the two groups - documented on that inscription The walk through the tunnel takes about 40 minutes. The height of the water is above the knees [approx. 70 cm].
You can bring flashlight [or rent one in the entrance] and water shoes.
Candles are not allowed.
Cradle of Christianity
Ein Kerem is the traditional birthplace of John the Baptist. From Luke 1:39, we know that his parents, Elizabeth and Zacharias, were living in the hill country, in a city of Judah.
While John was in Elizabeth's womb, the pregnant Mary visited her[the Visitation Church].
Mary's Well - Virgin Fountain
An ancient fresh-water spring, where Mary, Mother of Jesus visited Elisabeth, Mother of John (The Baptist).
Opposite Mary's Well (Virgin Fountain) stands an old stone-mansion, surrounded by beautiful gardens, The Ein Kerem Music Centre, Targ Centre, a site not to be missed.
The Church of John the Baptist
The present building, located in the midst of the village, dates from 1674, when the Franciscans, aided by the Spanish monarchy, built it on the ruins of its predecessors