ATATÜRK’S REMARKS TO THE TURKISH YOUTH
Your first duty is to forever preserve and defend the Turkish Independence and the Turkish Republic.
This is the very foundation of your existence and your future. This foundation is your most precious treasure. In the future, too, there may be malevolent people at home and abroad, wishing to deprive you of this treasure. If some day, you are compelled to defend your independence and your republic, you will not hesitate before you take upon yourself the duty thinking about the possibilities and circumstances of the situation in which you will find yourself. These possibilities and circumstances may prove to be extremely unfavourable. The enemies conspiring against your independence and your republic may have behind them a victory unprecedented in the whole world. By means of violence and deceit, all the fortresses of your beloved fatherland may have been captured, and all its shipyards occupied, armies dispersed and every corner of the country invaded. And even more distressing and graver than all these circumstances; within the country, those who have the authority to rule may have fallen into negligence, error and even treachery. Furthermore, they may identify their own interests with the political desires of the invaders. The country may be in extreme poverty, in ruins and in exhaustion.
Youth of Turkey's future,
Even in such circumstances, it is your duty to save the Turkish Independence and Republic. The strength you need is the noble blood that runs in your veins! (1927)
MUSTAFA KEMAL ATATURK
Where the pretentious crowd is...
Turca serves as a restaurant/bar. The bar, small rectangular room located in the ground floor, gave me the impression that the design was done back in the 70s - a la Studio 54. Well, probably styled after that, but the furniture and the bar stools combined with the walls, just made me stop for a minute and think...
Alright, alright... It's a bar at the end of the night ;-) So let's look at the other things - the prices are about $10-15 for long-drinks, but they are not well-prepared. If you are a vodka-lover, you might be happy as a shrimp - there sponsor is Absolut.
A DJ starts spinning about midnight, an not-so-smooth mix of club tunes...
To sum it up: It was such a disappointment after all I heard about this place. Dress smartly.
METU-Science and Technology Museum
It is a very new museum opened in Middle East Technical Campus( at September 2005) It is very close to my work-place, so i had an oppurtunity to see all the work done for the costruction of the museum and finally, i visited there when they finished. I find its architecture very intersting. They constructed a round metal building on the middle of the land, it looks like an UFO. It was hard to find the door when i went to visit there. I was surprised when i saw that they were able to hang a helicopter on the ceiling of this small building. They exhibit all sorts of materials that are not used in the university anymore (old cameras, typewriters, computers, optic instruments, experiment instruments, etc.). In addition to that, they have old planes, a train locomotive and automobiles in the garden. There is also another building nearby. It looks like an acquarium. It is a small museum cafe and it is very crowded during lunch time. I learned that they are planing to growing the museum much more and they want to create a small lake in front of it over the years.
If you visit METU campus someday, i receommend you to visit the museum if you have time. You might enjoy it. Please remember that it is very close to "Bilkent" entrance of the university campus.
There is no entrance fee for the museum. It is open everyday except Mondays.
PLACES TO VISIT
PLACES TO VISIT
The eternal resting place of the Republic's
founder, the initiator of reform, the heroic soldier and grand leader, Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, Anýtkabir was built upon the hill of Rasattepe. It was designed by the architects, Prof. Emin Onat and Doç. Orahn Arda. Started in 1944, the memorial was finished in 1953. Atatürk was removed from the temporary burial site at the Ethnographic Museum and brought here with great ceremony the same year.
Within the Anýtkabir complex are the Tower of Independence, the Tower of Liberty, The Road of Lions, Müdafaa-i Hukuk Tower, the Soldier's Tower, the Tower of Victory, the Tower of Peace, the April 23 Tower, the Misak-ý Milli Tower, the Reform Tower, the Victory Reliefs and the Mausoleum Hall.
The capital city of the Phrygian empire, the remains of the renowned city of Gordion are near the Ankara-Eskiþehir highway at the confluence of the Sakarya and Porsuk rivers, 21 km northwest of Polatlý, 90 km from Ankara in the village of Yassýhöyük.
The history of Gordion goes all the way back to 3000 BC (Early Bronze Age). It was an important settlement during the Assyrian and Hittite periods (1950 BC - 1180 BC) and, of course, the Phrygian era (900 BC - 620 BC), during which it was the capital city. It was named after King Gordios, the king who made it the capital. The famous knot made by King Gordios was cut in two by Alexander the Great in 333 BC, when he wintered in Gordion.
Thenon Alexander the Great (300 BC -100 BC) period began in Gordion with his conquest. Afterwards the area came under the control of the Romans (1st century BC to 4th century AD) and then the Selçuks (11th - 13th century AD). All of this transpired in the short space of 4000 years. Ahlatlýbel
Ahlatlýbel is located 14 km southwest of Ankara on the old Taþpýnar Village - Gavurkale -Haymana road. This Early Bronze Age site was an important settlement in Anatolia. Bitik
The Bitik Tumulus is 42 km northwest of Ankara. The excavations have uncovered, from top to bottom, dwellings belonging to the Classic Age of the 5th century BC and going back to the Late Bronze Age. The Phrygian and Hittite dwellings are less important than the others. The artifacts at Bitik from the Late Bronze Age document the interest in Eastern and Western Anatolia. Etiyokuþu
Located 5 km north of Ankara on the banks of Çubuk Creek, it was excavated in 1937 by Professor Þevket Aziz Kansu under the auspices of the Turkish History Association. At the lowest level, tools belonging to the Late Stone Age were recovered. The level above that was similar to the culture of the Early Bronze and that of nearby Ahlatlýbel. In the very top level the remains of a large palace belonging to the several periods were unearthed. Gavurkale
It is 60 km southwest of Ankara. The area from the bed of Babayakup Creek, which flows right beside the hill, has been the site of continuous settlement. The hill was given the name Gavurkale (Infidel Castle) because of the broken down walls.
Gavurkale has drawn the attention of many. On the southern exposure of the steep cliffs is a relief of two gods walking one behind the other and across from them sits a goddess. There is a wall made of gigantic stone blocks surrounding this rocky outcrop. The stone reliefs here are just one example of these uniquely Hittite monuments found scattered throughout the country.
Researchers have determined that this was an important walled city. At first it was thought to have been a Hittite worship center, but later it was realized that the Phrygians settled here as well. The site was visited in 1930 by Atatürk himself. In the following years a number of surface investigations were conducted and in 1998 new excavations were begun at Gavurkale by the Chair of the Museum of Anatolian Civilizations. Karalar
Karalar is a village about 60 km northwest of Ankara and is important because of the fact that it witnessed continuous settlement during the Classic Age. In the region known as Asarkaya, the architectural remains of a Celtic castle. Artifacts belonging the Hellenistic Age have been found in the tumulus. Ancient coins discovered in the area indicate that there were commercial ties with Egypt and Syria. The Temple of Augustus
Situated adjacent to the Hacý Bayram Mosque in Ulus, the temple built in the 2nd century B.C in honor of the Phrygian Goddess Men. The remains of the temple we see today are those of the temple built in the honor of the Roman Emperor Augustus as a sign of fidelity by the King Pylamenes, the son of the Celtic ruler Amintos. During Byzantine times windows and other additions were made and it was turned into a church. The perimeter is made up on four walls lined with columns. Around the perimeter are the column holders: fifteen down the length of each side, six long the width, four in front of the temple door and two in the back. The only standing part of the temple is the door with its ornately carved posts. A copy of Emperor Augustus' last will and testament, the original of which is found in the Temple in Rome, enumerate his accomplishments and is located on the temple wall adjacent to the tomb. Julian's Column
It is located beside the pool between the
financial directorate and the governor's building. It has no inscriptions. It is about 15 meters high and has a number of rings along the length of it. It is said to have been set up in honor of Emperor Julian when he passed through Ankara (361-363 AD). The local people call it the Belkýs Minaret. Roman Baths
Located on Çankýrý Street
between Ulus Square and Yýldýrým Bayazýt Square, it sits on a platform about 2.5 meters above the street.
The baths date back to Caracalla (212-217 AD). The Çankýrý Street entrance to the Caracalla baths leads to a wrestling arena which was covered with a portico surrounded with columns. On one side of this courtyard are 32 columns with a total of 128 over the whole area. The baths proper are located immediately behind the wrestling arena. Besides the unusually large size of the structure, the baths have a very typical layout consisting of the Apoditerium (dressing area), the Frigidarium (cold-section), the Tepidarium (warm section) and the Caldarium (hot section) Ankara Roman Theater
Located between Hisar and Pýnar streets, it was first discovered in 1982 and a salvage excavation was begun on March 15, 1983 by the Museum Administration. The Museum of Anatolian Civilizations continued the excavations until 1986. What was uncovered was the remains of a typical Roman theater dating back to the 2nd century AD. In addition to a number of statues and statue pieces, all that remains are the foundations and walls of what was once a vaulted parados building, orchestra, amphitheater and a stage. Akköprü
The oldest bridge in Ankara, it crosses the Ankara Creek in front of Varlýk Mahallesi. The Selçuk ruler Alaaddin Keykubat I had it built in 1222 while Kýzýlbey was governor of Ankara.
Inside Anit Kabir
As you enter the mausoleum (Hall of Honour)you come into a room with lofty ceiling. There are some gold mosaics, and in the front is a big cenoteph made of one single pice of marble. The tomb is in a camber below.
Official visitors normaly come to the mausoleum and one, or two days, after my visit (can't remember) Bush was here to put a wreath of flowers on the cenoteph.