Located with the boundaries of Türkhöyük village, it consists mainly of marble columns and gravestones belonging to the Roman and Byzantine eras.
:Situated within the city limits of the town of Oyaca, take the left fork in the road about 50 km out on the Ankara-Haymana highway towards the villages of Boyalýk, Culuk, Çalýþ and Durupýnar. The tumulus is 1.5 km down this road on the right-hand side (150 m.)
There are continuing excavations going on in this medium-sized tumulus under the direction of the Museum of Anatolia Civilizations. The Hittite Cult Center found 8 km to the west near at Gavurkale indicates that this is probably an important Hittite settlement.
Besides the hidden cistern made after the grand monumental traditional Hittite architectural style, there are the remains of huge foundations which can most likely be dated back to the Early Bronze Age and the beginning of the Hittite Empire. In light of the ceramic, bronze and other archeological finds, we know that the area was inhabited about 5000 years ago. Karaoðlan
Karaoðlan is 25 km from Ankara on the Ankara-Konya road. The different strata in the tumulus have yielded remains from the following cultures: Chalcolithic, Early Bronze, Hittite, Phrygian, Hellenistic, Roman and Byzantine. This is one of the most important Hittite and Phrygian sites in the Ankara Gölbaþý region. Beþtepeler Tumulus
The first excavation of the tumuluses near Anýtkabir were made in 1926 by Makridi. In 1945, during construction in the area, it became necessary to remove several of the tumuluses. Two of them were investigated and a number of clay jars and other tools belonging to the Phrygians were recovered. Experts concluded that these were contemporary with the Phrygian graves at Gordion. At this time it was realized that the Phrygians placed their dead in graves dug on level ground and then with logs built a structure over the site. The whole affair was then covered with dirt from the surrounding area to make a small hill. The dead were always buried with a number of gifts. Yumurtatepe (Demetevler) Tumulus
It is located on the left hand side of the road at the Çiftlik - Demetevler intersection. It was excavated by the Museum of Anatolian Civilizations during the 1986 and 1987 excavation seasons. The excavation resulted in the tumulus being identified as belonging to the Early Bronze Age. It is a single structure and a number of earthenware vessels were recovered.
The castle which has guarded
the city for centuries is now a symbol of Ankara. The history of the castle is as old as the history of the city itself. Though when the castle was built is not known exactly, it is commonly believed to have been built by the Romans. It was repaired and expanded by the Selçuks. It towers 110 meters above Bentdere Creek (Hatip Creek) which runs along its base.
There are two parts, an inner and an outer castle and it has over 20 towers. The outer castle encloses the old city of Ankara within its heart-shaped walls. The four-level inner castle is made partly of Ankara stone and partly of stones gathered from other structures. The two large gates of the inner castle are called the Outer Gate and the Castle Gate. The towers within the castle vary between 14-16 meters in height. Today within the castle walls there are a number of Ottoman style houses dating as far back as the 17th century. Kalecik Castle
Kalecik Castle is 78 km from Ankara on the road to Çankýrý. The castle with the magnificient spectacle of the modern town was founded upon a cone shaped hill . It is connected to the mountains in the southwest by a ridge and sit alone high above the plain formed by the Kýzýlýrmak (Red River).
Mosques, Tombs and Churches
Some of the city's most
important mosques are as follows; Aðaç Ayak Mosque, Ahi Elvan Mosque, Ahi Yakup Mosque, Aslanhane (Ahi Þerafettin) Mosque, Cenab-ý Ahmet Paþa Mosque, Alaaddin Mosque, Çiçekçioðlu Mosque, Direkli Mosque, Eskicioðlu Mosque, Hacettepe Mosque, Hacý Arap Mosque, Hacý Bayram Mosque, Ýbadullah Mosque Karacabey Mosque, Kocatepe Mosque, Kurþunlu Mosque, Tabakhane Mosque, Tacettin Mosque and Zincirli Mosque. Tombs
The following tombs are in Ankara: Ahi Þerafettin Tomb, Azimi (Ýsmail Paþazade Hacý Esad) Tomb, Cenab-ý Ahmet Paþa Tomb, Hacýbayram Veli Tomb, Ýsmail Fazýl Paþa Tomb, Karacabey Tomb, Karyaðdý Tomb, Kesikbaþ Tomb, and Yörük Dede (Doðan Bey) Tomb. Catholic Church
(St. Paul Church) Address: Atatürk Bulvarý No: 118 - Kavaklýdere (On the grounds of the Italian Embassy) Tel: 0 (312) 426 65 18
Service times: Saturdays: (Summer) 19.00 (Winter) 18.00
Sundays: (Summer) 10.00 -12.00 -19.00 (Winter) 18.00 Catholic Church
(St. Theresa Church) Address: Iþýklar Caddesi Kardeþler Sok. 15 - Ulus, Tel: 0 (312) 311 01 18
Service times: Sundays: 10.30 (Turkish) Catholic Church
(Mother Mary Church) Address: Birlik Mah. 3. Cad. No: 35 Oyak - Çankaya (Beside the Vatican Embassy)
Tel: 0 (312) 495 35 23
Service times: Sunday: 09.45 (English) 11.00 (French) Anglican Church
(St. Nicholas Church) Address: Þehit Ersan Cad. 46 - Çankaya (Inside the Embassy of Great Britain)
Tel: 0 (312) 468 62 30/32 85
Service times: Sundays : 10.00 (English) Synagogue
(Jewish Congregation) Address: Sakalar Mah. Birlik Sok. 8 - Samanpazarý, Tel:0 (312) 311 62 00