Alexander the Great and Termessus
Termessus entered history during the winter of 333 BC when Alexander the Great was in the region. Having swept through Lycia, Alexander entered Pamphylia by the coastal route and mastered its cities of Perge, Aspendus and Side. Alexander then proceeded inland to Phrygia by a path that led through a narrow, difficult pass controlled by Termessus. Arrian (1.27) represents this as "the route to Phrygia," but there were others. We can only speculate whether (as Freya Stark suggested) his Pamphylian sources steered him in the direction of their fearsome neighbors or whether the plan was Alexander's.
Alexander's actions at Termessus are recounted in Arrian (1.27-28). Arrian describes the defile through which Alexander's army had to move, with steep sides "like gates" allowing even a small force to close it. Sure enough the Termessians turned out in a body to stop him. Seeing this, Alexander ordered his men to pitch camp, anticipating, as Arrian says, that the sight of this action would cause the bulk of the Termessian force to retire to the city until morning. When things turned out just as Alexander had suspected, he threw a team of archers, javelin men and light infantry against the Termessian positions, sending its defenders back to the city. Alexander passed the narrows and encamped threateningly close to the city itself.
The 13th-century Selcuk Yivli Minare (Fluted Minaret) is the symbol of Antalya. Although missing many of the tiles that once covered it in a checker pattern, the minaret is still an interesting piece of architecture, quite striking, and in the early Selcuk style, it is different from the Ottoman minarets that are so common in Turkey.
The Suna and Inan Kirac Kaleici Museum
In a restored Ottoman house in Kaleici is the Suna and Inan Kirac Kaleici Museum. On the upper floor the rooms has an ethnographic exhibition, showing life in the second half of the 19th century. Important events shown are the serving of coffee, the bride’s henna night and shaving of the bridegroom.
Across the courtyard is a restored Orthodox church. Here there is an exhibition of ceramics.
There is also a bookstore in the museum.
Entrance fee is 1 000 000 TL (July 2004).
When I was there I was the only visitor. It was in the morning so I hope more people find their way there later during the day. It is centrally located in Kaleici.
welcome to my Antalya page
Turkey lies between Europe and the Middle East, the countries that surround Turkey are:Bulgaria, Greece, Georgie, Armenia, Iran, Irak and Syria.
3,2% from Turkey lies in Europe the other part is Azia.
They called the coastal erea from Antalya the Turkish Riviera.
You have to see Antalya, it always has something to offer, a beautiful harbor, an old city and long beaches.
The admosfer is in spite of many tourists, typical Turkish.
Antalya lies high up a rock face, and is surround in the west by the Toros Daglari (Taurus mountains).
The highest point from these mountains is 2877 m.
During the months March and April you can ski in the morning on the mountains and swim in the afternoon in the mediterranean sea.
The founder from Antalya was Attalus the second, king from Pergamon.
Attaleia was the city first name.
During the crusade Attaleia was very important for transportations to the holy land Palastina.
After 1200 the city was conquer by the Seldjoeken, they chanced the name off the city in Antalya.
At the end of the 14the century Antalya became a part of the Ottoman empire.
After world war one the Italiaans took a great part of the Turkish coast, but in 1921 Ataturk liberate the city and Antalya became a part of the new republic.
Antalya has 400.000 habitants.
The beautiful old houses from the Osmaanse empire are restord, so the city keept it's typical Turkish sphere.