Ancient City of Ephesus
Though the ancient city of Ephesus is 30 miles north of Kusadasi, it seems that they are spoken of almost as if they were one and the same city. In actuality, the city of Ephesus preceded Kusadasi as an important trading port and religious center of the fledgling Christian movement. Ephesus' star faded when the important Caystros River silted up, leaving no seaside access for Ephesus and therefore, no sea trade. Today, Ephesus, with its Greek & Roman origins, is considered one the best preserved ancient cities surrounding the Aegean Sea!
Driving down a mountain side on our approach to Ephesus, the view from higher ground gave us some idea of how large the area of the ancient ruins is. Our bus parked in a dusty lot not too far from the entrance gate. This is an historical park and you will pass through a turnstyle gate with a paid admission ticket from the Ministry of Culture and Tourism. The ticket, which is reutrned to you, is so nicely done with a picture, holograph symbol, etc., that it makes a terrific souvenir.
Though much of the ancient city lay in ruins due to the ravishes of time and earthquake, wonderful remnants of structures still remain---the most famous of which is The Library of Celsus!! Other important sights to see, some of which have undergone restoration, are the remaining arch and columns of the Temple of Hadrian; Curetes Street; the Marble Street; and the Grand Theater. Nearby the Terrace Houses are also being restored and are open to the public.
There is so much to see and absorb. You can spend from a couple of hours wandering about the ruins of Ephesus or the better part of a day. In summer, it is hot & humid, dusty, and no shade to speak of. It would be best to use sunscreen, a hat, and bring plenty of water as none of these necessities are available inside the park. If you are not taking a guided tour, I suggest bringing a good guide book as I remember there being very few signs identifying what you might be looking at.
Some cats live inside the historical park as well, and they really appreciate a drink of water from your hand, perhaps some food, and attention. One visitor poured bottled water into her cupped hand and a small cat drank every drop she could give it!
Private guides and tours leaving from Kusadasi are plentiful. Admission price to Ephesus historical area is approximately 20 Turkish Lira.
Picture #1 - The Celsus Library
Picture #2 - Looking back at the Grand Theatre
Picture #3 - Fountain of Trajan
Picture #4 - Temple of Hadrian