Bayraklý (Former Ýzmir)
Located at the northeast of Izmir Bay, Bayrakli was the first known settlement of Izmir, which archaeological excavations indicate was probably around 3000 BC. There is a structure from the 7th century BC, situated on the upper part of Bayrakli, which was the grave of the mythological king, Tantalus.
Kadifekale (Velvet Castle)
The old fortress on the hill at the southeast of the city offers unrivalled views of the surrounding area, and at its best at sunset, when the lights start to come on and the call to prayer echoes from many mosques. It was founded in the 4th century BC by Lysimakhos, one of Alexander the Great’s generals, and was strategically placed in view of the harbour and the city. It is possible to walk up to the citadel from the Agora, through narrow streets and old houses, and it remains open although is not lit at night. On the walls of the ruins are Roman and Byzantine engravings and the remaining structures include the south walls and five towers at the west, which date back to the Medieval Age.
Within the crowded streets of Konak, the agora used to be the venue for political gatherings and elections. It was built on the orders of Alexander the Great, probably in the 2nd century BC, and is the only surviving pre-Ottoman monument, although what remains was the reconstruction by the Romans after a devastating earthquake. There are 14 Corinthian columns, vaulted chambers and hundreds of Ottoman graveyards in the eastern section. Many treasures unearthed during excavations are now exhibited in the Archaeology Museum. Mosque, Church and Synagogues
The most important mosques in the city are Hisar, Yali (Konak), Salepcioglu and Kestane Pazari Mosque. Others in the city include Sadirvan, Basdurak, Kemeralti (built in1812), Faik Pasa, (repaired in 1842), Han Bey, Hatuniye Mosque, Seyh, Fettah, Yali, Ali Aga, Selvili Mescit, Abdullah Efendi and Iki Cesmelik Mosque.
St. Polycarp Church, in Gaziosmanpasa, is the oldest church in Izmir and was lavishly rebuilt in the 19th century by the French. St Polycarp was Smyrna’s first bishop, and when he refused to follow the orders of the Romans to renounce his faith, he was burnt at the stake.
Other churches include;
Dome Cathedral St. John Sehit Nevres Bul.29, Alsancak.
Santa Maria Halit Ziya Bul. No: 67
Notre Dame De St. Rosarei 1481 Sokak. No: 8, Alsancak
Notre Dame De Lourders 81 Sokak No: 10, Goztepe
St. John the Bapist Kemalpasa Caddesi. No: 15, Buca
Santa Maria Kars Okulu Sk. No: 5, Bornova,
St. Anthony of Pauda 1610 Sokak. No: 5, Bayrakli
St. Helen 1729 Sokak. No: 53, Karsiyaka
St. John's Church (Anglican) Talat Pasa Bulvari, Alsancak
St. Mary Magdalene (Protestant) Hurriyet Caddesi No:18, Bornova
Aya Fotini (Orthodox) 1374 Sokak. No: 24, Alsancak (Open for only festivals)
Bet Yisrael Mithatpasa Caddesi. No: 265
Sinyora Iveret 927 Sokak. No: 7, Mezarlikbasi
Saar Asamayim 1390 Sokak. No: 4, Alsancak
Berkholim Ikicesmelik Caddesi. No: 40