Nature possessed an...
Nature possessed an entirely different beauty in the Trabzon of yesterday; Ganita, with its crystal-clear sea, was a source of renewal for our love of Trabzon, its gardens were full of orange, pomegranate and fig trees. The classical music played in Meydan Park, accompanied by the voice of Hafýz Burhan, created another world. Now we see that so much of Trabzon's valuable heritage has become a thing of the past. The famous Sümer Cinema survives only in photographs; Suluhan and the Þems Hotel, like many cinemas and precious parts of Trabzon's heritage have been destroyed, leaving behind them nothing but yearning...
Walk from Ataturk Alani to the old town
I have to admit, Lonely Planet did well to suggest the walk from Ataturk Alani to the older quarters of Trabzon...it was a walk I did often and got to know well, each time taking a different route. You can either take Uzun Sokagi, a narrow but long street with all the trendy shops, or take the route through the markets...either way, you'll end up in Ortahisar, the oldest part of Trabzon. It is reached on either side by bridges across a ravine...down below in the ravines are picturesque but slightly seedy residential quarters...the only problem I had was finding a road down into them! Ortahisar isn't huge, and it is difficult to get lost, but the more I walked around this area, the more I came to love Trabzon. It isn't a city designed for walking, as the streets are full of cars, and the centre is quite a distance from the old quartes, plus it is a surprisingly hilly city, but for me, walking is the best way to discover Trabzon.
Trabzon is said to be founded...
Trabzon is said to be founded in the 7th century BC by Miletion colonists and then Alexis Comnenes founded the Comnenos Empire, which lasted until 1461 when the Ottomans took over the area.
The city is now an important port of trade, continuing its role throughout the history. Sultan Suleyman the Magnificent was born here and Yavuz Sultan Selim, another Ottoman sultan, was the regional governor of Trabzon when he was a prince. The city is mostly situated on a table like promontory above the harbor.
The citadel is one of the oldest remains, and the first thing you will notice when entering Trabzon, is a well-preserved 13th century Byzantine Church, now restored as the Ayasofya Museum. The walls of this church are decorated with frescoes which are the finest examples of Byzantine craftsmanship. The Fatih Mosque in the city was once a Byzantine church. Trabzon is very richly adorned with sightseeing areas and precious remains from the Byzantine period. On the western slopes of the Boztepe hill, is 'the Boztepe Park' with a beautiful view of the city. In the village of Surmene, to the east of Trabzon, is a fascinating 19th century mansion, known as the Kastel. There are many opportunities in Trabzon to cover all tastes. For example the Erikbeli and Karadag meadows, south of Akcaabat, are quite good hiking and picnicking areas.
Taking a northeasterly direction towards the inner parts of Trabzon and following a delightful mountain road, you can visit the pretty mountain village of Hamsikoy and taste its delicious meals, before reaching the Zigana Tunnel, which is the largest tunnel in Turkey. Then you may head for the Zigana Ski-Center to feel the real joy of skiing, or for Gurgenagac, Kirazli and Solma which are excellent meadows with magnificent landscapes and pure clean air, for outdoor activities in the palm of nature. The most appealing and breathtaking sightseeing area of Trabzon is the Altindere National Park. 47 kms southeast of Macka, this lovely park provides a fascinating setting for the 14th century Sumela Monastery of the Virgin Mary, which is perched on the rock face 270 metres above the valley, at an altitude of 1300 metres. Within the ruins of the monastery are the remains of magnificent frescoes. It is a place of exceptional natural beauty. It was initially constructed on the steep surface of rock, as a small church in the 4th century. In the 11th century it was expanded into a monastery with 72 cells. Ottoman princes, as regional governors of Trabzon, contributed to the upkeep of the monastery, providing material and moral support. The awe-inspiring and magnificent view of the monastery, with its frescoes and holy water, attract thousands of Turkish and foreign visitors every year.
Football means everything in that city
Trabzon is famous because of its football team and fans. Trabzonspor is a strong rival for both Istanbul teams(FB, BJK, GS) and European teams always. And its success is well known worldwide. Watching a match at the stadium requires special dressing in rainy weathers especialy winter.
DON'T LEAVE WITHOUT *Visiting...
DON'T LEAVE WITHOUT *Visiting Trabzon castle, which lies from sea
to the hills and best protected structure of the region,
*Visiting Atatürk palace, which is a gift of Trabzon residents to Atatürk and constructed with 19th century civil architecture sample at soðuksu region, 7 km. south west of the city,
*Seeing the place, known as Fatih or Irena Tower and used as Arsenal,
*Plateau festivals, which start on the first Sunday of May, and continue till to the end of August, are the symbols of Trabzon. If you come during the dates of the Festival, without participating to the festival,
*If you come to Trabzon during winter, without seeing Sümela Monastery,
Eeating stuffed savoy cabbage, kayana, in the restaurants on the road route after Sümela Monastery visit, and Hamsiköy Rice Pudding in Hamsiköy,
Tasting trout with butter and all Black Sea unique meals.
*Don't return ...