Day of the Deads. Catrinas Figures.
The first Catrina (a skull made of mud, paper or crystal ) was made by José Guadalupe Posada (a famous illustrator) the figure was called La Calavera de la Catrina (The Skull of the Female Dandy), and was made to satirize the life of Mexico´s upper classes females. Now the figure is associated with the festivity.
The word "Pátzcuaro" means "foundation place" in Purhépecha dialect, it was also called "Petatzecua", wich in turn means "stone or origin of man", characterized bye "Cúes" or temples.
Arriving at Pátzcuaro is like arriving at an ideal place for discovering the roots of the past, full of traditions that have been passed on from generation to generation.
Patzcuaro is in the heart of the Purépecha homeland. Beside it's Lake Pátzcuaro, whose shores border dozens of Infian villages. In these villages and in town, we frequently hear the soft sounds of the Purépechan language in the background s they take inthe sights. Although distinct regional costumes are seldom seen today, Indian women still braid their hair with ribbons and wear the blue "rebozo" that serve them in so many ways.
"La Danza de los Viejitos"
It's "the dance of the little old men" an ancient tradition of the Purepecha. There are hundreds of regional variations of this dance. It's usually performed by the youth, who imitate older people with very humorous movements and masks, dancin heavy, fairly difficult footwork while bending over, using cane. As the dance is getting to the end, the dancers start moving rapidly, with great footsteps, coughing, shaking, and representations of having hearts attaks.
The meaning of this dance is really just a tribute to the elders and to show how much they are respected. It looks very comical and some might think that it's offensive towards old people, but that's part of the joke, and it's not meant to mean. I always enjoy seeing this dance being performed because it's actually quite funny to watch.