The U.S.S. Cairo and her six sister gun-boats were built to support the Union objective of wrestling control of the Mississippi River from the Confederates. With her powerful guns, Cairo could interrupt Confederate commerce, batter opposing fortifications, repel enemy gunboats, and rout any infantry or horse-drawn artillery foolish enough to challenge her.
The Cairo and city class ironclads were protected by 2 1/2" thick armor plates mounted on laminated Oak 12 1/2 - 25" thick. These gunboats were forward fighting vessels.
The Duff Green Mansion
Constructed by skilled slave labour in 1856, this lovely 3 storey mansion was a hospital for Confederate and Union soldiers during the Civil War. There is a large ballroom which can be rented for private parties and receptions. A tour through the Mansion lasts about 30-minutes.
Cairo Gunboat & Museum (Temp Closed)
The U.S.S. Cairo was one of seven ironclad gunboats named in honour of towns along the upper Mississippi and Ohio rivers. They were formidable vessels, each mounting thirteen cannons. Everything was pinned on them to regain control of the lower Mississippi River and split the Confederacy.
Temporary Closure (2002): The U.S.S. Cairo Gunboat and museum are temporarily closed due to construction.
Illinois State Memorial
The monument sits on Union Avenue and was dedicated in 1906. There are 47 steps, one for each day of the Siege of Vicksburg.
The Memorial is modelled after the Roman Pantheon. In the centre of the memorials dome there is a wide opening but apparently the floor and interior of the memorial do not get wet from precipitation. This is something to do with the air pressure which is forced through the door and out through the opening in the dome. The natural circulation deflects the rain.
There are Sixty unique bronze tablets which line the interior walls and also list all of the 36,325 Illinois soldiers who contributed to the Vicksburg Campaign. The original cost was $194,423.92 which was paid for by the State of Illinois.
The Illinois State Seal is a mosaic, which was created with colourful tiles.
Looking out the entrance of the memorial.
Photos which are taken by myself and all headings are copyright and digitally marked. Please do not use them without permission. Thanks.(c) keeweechic 2001-2006 (copyright)