The Yamana History
Tierra del Fuego was inhabited 11.000 years ago, but the natives arrived in Beagle Channel 7.000 years ago. Four ethnic groups peopled this area: Kawesar (or Alakaluf), Yamana, Selk'Nam (or Ona) and Haush. The Yamana people inhabited the place where nowadays is Ushuaia and the National Park; yamana means "human being", "to be alive". These natives were nomadic, they built canoes with tree barks, and were good fishers and hunters, and they ate mussels, fishes, seals, mushrooms, berries, birds. They lived naked, and covered their bodies with fat; the fire always burnt at their huts and canoes.
When the Europeans arrived, they brough unknown diseases and changed the Yamanas way of life; in a few years, these natives disappeared.
Tierra del Fuego fue habitada hace 11.000 años, pero los nativos llegaron al Canal de Beagle apenas hace 7.000 años. Cuatro etnias poblaron esta zona: Kawesar (o Alakaluf), Yamana, Selk'Nam (u Ona) y Haush. Los yámanas habitaron el lugar en donde ahora se encuentra Ushuaia y el Parque Nacional; yámana significa "ser humano", "estar vivo". Estos nativos eran nómadas, construian canoas con corteza de árboles, y eran buenos pescadores y cazadores, y se alimentaban de mejillones, peces, focas, hongos, frutos, aves. Ellos vivían desnudos, y cubrían sus cuerpos con grasa; el fuego siempre ardía en sus refugios y canoas.
Cuando los europeos llegaron, trajeron enfermedades desconocidas y cambiaron el estilo de vida de los yámanas; en unos pocos años, estos nativos desaparecieron.
Nordic skiing has grown quite popular in the area in the last several years. Ushuaia is, without question, the Nordic skiing capital of the continent. Low elevations and cold temperatures combine to make the spot ideal for Nordic training, and many international teams come to Ushuaia to train in the off-season. There are well over 100km of trails among the six developed ski centers. Jerman is the most wooded of all but is the only one that doesn't have trails that connect with the others. Tierra Mayor has the best-developed trail system and is the most popular. Not discussed are Altos del Valle, Valle de Los Huskies, Las Cotorras and Haruwen all of which offer a lodge and interconnecting trails. Other possibilities for skiing in the region abound. The best is probably at Lapataia where the CAU maintains a small refugio
Tierra del Fuego National Park
Lots of trails taking you through amazing colours that you would not expect to see at the end of the world. This is where the Andes mountains actually enter the sea to form part of the sub Antarctic forest.
It was very windy when we were there so jackets and gloves were necessary. The bleekness adds to the experience of walking around the end of the world !
To get to Tierra del Fuego National Park take National Route #3. It is located about 9 km (5.6 mi) from the city of Ushuaia, the southernmost city in the world.
Cape Horn - just 150 km from Ushuaia
Cape Horn is in a distance of not more than 150 km from Ushuaia. Mare Australis is one of the ships that offers landings at Cape Horn several times in the southern summer between September and April. They are doing 4 and 5-day cruises from Punto Arenas and will also stop in Ushuaia.
Cap Hoorn is the southern-most island of South America and it got its name by the dutch town of Hoorn, from where 2 ships had left in 1615 in order to find a direct way on the ocean from Europe to India.
read more about Cape Horn on my page about :
a great travelagent in Ushuaia
The OLD PRISON
Prisons are not one of my favorite things, especially when I'm on vacation. Nevertheless in Ushuaia, it is a place you should visit.
On January 1896 the first group of 14 convicts arrived on board the naval ship "1° de Mayo" and were housed in wood and tin huts in a community with only 40 houses. The current building was started in 1902, and was completed in 1920. It remained in use until 1947. Although the 600 convicts that occupied the 380 cells were not exactly town citizens, their work was integral to the daily life of the city. Public works projects and houses were often built by prison labor, which also supplied the town with such staples as firewood, bread, and electrical power; prisoners and citizens relied on each other. And the city grew up around the prison.
After decades of disuse, it was restored and recently opened as a prison museum