Brasilia was constructed...
Brasilia was constructed between 1956 and 1960, during the government of President Juscelino Kubitschek. It was inaugurated, as Brazil's new capital, in April 21, 1960. Its master plan ('Plano Piloto') was conceived by Lucio Costa, and its major buildings were designed by Oscar Niemeyer.
Planned for only 500,000 inhabitants, Brasilia has seen its population grow much more than expected. Several satellite towns have been created over the years to house the extra inhabitants. Brasilia's total population (including the satellite cities) is now over 2,000,000 inhabitants.
Unlike the White House, in which are located both the U S President's office and living quarters, two separate buildings were built for the Brazilian President's life and work.
This, the Palácio do Planalto, houses the executive offices of the president. It is on the same praça as the Congress and Supreme Court.
The capital of Brazil, Brasilia is a master planned city located in the geographical center of Brazil that was created on the orders of former Brazilian President Juscelino Kubitschek. The main urban planner was Lucio Costa, and Oscar Niemeyer was the chief architect of most of the public buildings.
Built in the shape of an airplane, Brasilia was constructed from 1956 to April 21, 1960 when it replaced Rio de Janeiro as the capital of Brazil. The fuselage of the airplane houses, among other things, the government buildings, ministries, and a futuristic cathedral. There is also a tall television tower, which provides panoramic views of the entier city. The wings of the airplane are named the North Wing and South Wing, and each is roughly 7 kilometers long. The avenue between the lake and the wings, called L2 Sul or L2 Norte, depending on which wing it is on, has churches, schools, and hospitals. The entire city is divided into sectors (banking, commercial, hotel, residential, etc.) which fan out from each wing.
With a population of nearly 4 million people trying to survive in a city originally planned for 500,000, Brasilia is bursting at the seams. But the growth has not been in Brasilia proper but in satellite cities on Brasilia's periphery. As a result, Brasilia remains cleaner and seemingly safer than many of the other Brazilian cities. In short, Brasilia is perhaps the world's most successful master-planned city and the best place in the world to view modern architecture. That said, I found Brasilia to be lacking much of the spirit and flavor that makes Brazil such a great place. And, while I consider my time in Brasilia to be time well spent, I personally found Brasilia to be a bit too sterile and found most of Niemeyer's buildings to be less than inspiring. If nothing else, Brasilia is a unique place which is well worth visiting if you have a couple free days.
Brasilia - It's here
"Living in Brasilia"
I'm living and working here, probably for another 4 to 6 months. As others have said, not much to see, but comfortable living. My pages will list a few places to hang out and eat, as its not always obvious, at least the typical foreigner.