Clubs in Brazil mean huge...
Clubs in Brazil mean huge recreational parks with swimming pools and sports facilities that can occupy as much as a few blocks! I love those places though and you'll get signs indicating their presence throughout the the whole edges of the North and South Wings. If you noticed the town is deserted on a weekend, it's because everyone has headed down to a club for that deserved end-of-week bbq and sunbathing!
For me this cathedral is far away from the typical stereotype of a cathedral. What you will see is a roundly shaped building with 16 curved pillars intertwined with stained glass.
To enter inside of the cathedral you will pass trough something like an underground tunel with black walls.
The atmosphere inside of the cathedral was a bit wierd for me. I could not get the feeling that I am in a temple, I felt more as if I am standing in a train station. But I was told that if you go there at a specific time of the day when the sunlight is goint trough the stained glass trough a certain angle the view is breath-taking and definitly worth seeing.
Here is some additional info:
The Cathedral was inaugurated on May 31, 1970. However, in a book published by the Brasília's Official Tourism Office it is written that "the Cathedral was inaugurated in 1967, twelve years after its construction began." From this moment on, the majority of city guides on Brasília began quoting this misinformation.
The Cathedral's construction began in 1959, and not in 1957. 1957 was the year in which work began in the Pilot Plan.
1967 was the year when the Cathedral, still under construction, was raised to the status of Historic Patrimony. The administration Costa e Silva wanted to finish the half-built Cathedral but it could not use public funds for that purpose. Finishing the Cathedral was the responsibility of the Church and not of the State. Thus, in 1967 the administration decided to turn the Cathedral into a Monument and so it managed to get public funds to conclude the project.
Originaly designed by Oscar Niemeyer, the cathedral was renovated in 1988. It was painted white, and its glass windows were replaced by new colored ones, designed by Antonia Marianne Peretti.
There are also works by other Brazilian artists: by Alfredo Ceschiatti - the sculptures of angels hanging by wires attached to the ceiling, and the Evangelists outside the church; by Di Cavalcanti - paintings representing the steps of the Passion.
My Home Homepage
"History and Overview"
My city is very interesting, for its history, its meaning, its concept and its purpose. The city, unfortunatelly, is regarded as a tourist attraction dedicated only to architecture afficionados. This is a mistake, in my opinion. The tourism is not very well developed in this area, people sometimes leave the city thinking that everything could be visited in a couple of hours and that, for the general public, it is not really worthwhile the visit. My intention, with this page, is to present the interesting places and things that can be done here, so that you can enjoy your stay and have an opinion based not only in a superficial visit. Have in mind that it is not a typical Brazilian city. Actually, it's not a typical city at all.
Since the time when Brazil stopped being an Empire, there was the intention to move the capital city to inner Brazil to promote the occupancy of Brazilian Highlands. In 1956, the then president Juscelino Kubitschek started building the capital and in 21st April of 1960 it was inaugurated.
In order to build Brasilia, there was a contest in which Urbanists should present their plans for the city. The winner was Lúcio Costa. In his original plan, two main axis that formed a cross were the basis for the city. Brasilia actually has the shape of an airplane, the South and North Wings (Asa Sul e Asa Norte) are the residential areas and the Pilot Cockpit is where the Government buildings are located.
Brasilia is very organized: there are residential sectors, industrial sectors, even, commercial sectors, hospital sectors...it's not very practical, though. Because of this, Brasília is often refered as a city made for cars, rather than for people.
It's a very young city and different. Its intention was to gather people from all over the country. The name Brasilia comes from Latin: it is the plural for Brazil, therefore, Brasilia is where all Brazilians meet and mix. Its airport is one of the busiest ones of the country, even though there are no direct international flights departing or arriving here.
Brasilia is famous for its architecture. Most of it is due to Oscar Niemeyer, a very well-respected Brazilian architect.
1) Since 1987, Brasilia is listed in UNESCO's Mankind's World Heritage Site. It's the largest urban area covered by this list. Since I work at the Secretariat of Urban Development of Brasilia, I can say that it is not a good thing for some reasons:
- Almost nothing can be changed or 'upgraded'. In the Urban part of the city (Plano Piloto), the buildings in the residential area can't have more than 6 floors, the streets can't be turned wider, the metro can't be a surface one and the areas for building are reduced. Being listed as a World Heritage Site impeaches the city to develop the same way any other city in the world would.
The good side of it is that the city is listed as a World Heritage Site. It's a very limitating condition, but I must admit that makes us very proud.
2) Dom Bosco was an Italian priest that in the year of 1883 had a dream about a futuristic city located where Brasilia is today. He even made some drawings of the buildings he saw in this dream that do match the ones that are present in the city. the buildings were not possible in the time of his dream. There are many references to Dom Bosco all over the city and he has become the Protector saint of Brasilia.
3) Brasília has an artificial Lake, it's called Lago Paranoá. Its waters are unpolluted, so you can fish and practice sports (although the waters are very dark since there used to be a forest in the area that the lake has covered). Brasilia has the 2nd largest ship fleet of Brazil. There are many events in the lake: there's a (very expensive) floating restaurant you can only arrive by boat, there's a "boat night club" the cruises the lake at night with nice music and many wakeboard, sailing, iron-man and swimming competitions. It's safe to go to the lake (although 3 alligators were found there some time ago! How they ended up there is a mystery).
4) It was supposed to be the site for shooting the film "AEON FLUX", with Charlize Theron, since it was exactly what the producers were looking for: a futuristic place, outstanding architecture and surrounded by the jungle. The film was shot in Berlin, though. There was not enough specialized crew for shooting it here.
I really don't care much about the movie thing, I only regret I missed the opportunity to see Charlize Theron in person!! Maybe we could have met and she could have thought I was a very nice guy, maybe she could even have cared a little about me...MAYBE...we will never know...damned lack of "specialized crew"!
5) The video-clip for the song "Nada Valgo" of the Colombian singer Juanes makes references to the architecture of Brasilia, showing many monuments and buildings. Also making references to the skies of Brasilia, that turn strongly red during the months of July and August. Explanation: the land of Brasilia is red and it becomes very dry during winter months (June, July and August in South hemisphere), the dust rises and during sunset and sunrise, everything is illuminated by a red sun. Very beautiful!
Sorry that not all of the pictures shown here were not taken by me. Brasilia has lots to be seen and I love taking pictures, but I'm a lousy photographer. I'll replace the pictures by the ones I took myself with time.
(I have to admit that I won't be able to replace this Sergio Velho Jr's picture on the right, of the PGR building reflecting the clouds).
Brasília - from the prophecy to reality!!!
"As everything started..."
To the edges of Paranoá, an artificially lake constructed to brighten up the low humidity of the capital, it has the registration of a Dom Bosco´s prophecy – an Italian priest, of Salesians Order. Dom Bosco said “ between the parallels 15o and 20o, leaving of a point where it´ll formed a lake, the engaged land will appear”. Well, Brasília is situated in the neighborhoods of the parallel 15o and the mysticals have the city as the “promised land”, glimpsed by Dom Bosco.
"Only two traces..."
From two traces, created by the city planner Lucio Costa, in a cross form, the sketch of a new city project was initiated that entered for History. After the cross form, the drawing of an airplane was the starting point for the plant of the city. In 1987, Brasília became the first modern city of the world considered by UNESCO as Historic site of Humanity.