Salvador da Bahia
Salvador is the capital city in the state of Bahia and the fourth largest city in Brazil with a population of 3 mill. people. It is also the center of the Afro culture in Brazil. Salvador was the major port of African slave trade in Brazil during 17th and 18th centuries.
The city is constructed in a typical Portuguese way with a lower and an upper area. They call it "Cidade Alto e Baixa". (Just like it is in Lisbon and Maputo). The Upper city is built on a hill about 70 metres above the lower City. The Upper City is the historical part of Salvador with old Portuguese architecture. The Lower City has the commercial and financial center, the harbour and the beaches.
The state of Bahia has its own Afro-inspired culture. Traditional Bahian dresses and costumes are typical among the women.
A pedestrian lift was built in 1873 to make it easier for the people to move between the two areas. They called it Lacerda Elevator, and it became the main gate. This lift was replaced with a new system in 1928. The elevator is in daily use and carries more than 50,000 passengers. Two newer cable lines, Plano Inclinado Goncalves and Plano Inclinado Liberdade have also been built to link the two areas.